The residual waste has a high concentration of recoverable elements, which can be either recycled or recovered into energy in accordance with the waste hierarchy. One option is the implementation of mechanical biological treatment of waste, which has showed a steady progress in the recent two years in Hungary.
This paper analysis the relevant factors, which should be considered during the technology planning. The multi criteria analysis involves the economical environmental and external considerations into the technology assessment. Based on the results, the technology plan should be revised and adjusted.
The present transition from industrial to knowledge-based societies is characterised by major changes in working conditions and labour-market requirements. This process has resulted in a historically very fast restructuring in the scale of values. For example the flexibility, non-hierarchic structure and high adaptation capacity are becoming key factors both at individual and organisational level. The traditional educational system is slow to react effectively to this challenge, which may raise walls against further technical developments. Three interdependent parallel processes should be managed successfully in order to enjoy the advantages of our new age: (1) the renewal of knowledge, (2) the high-speed changes in labour-market demands and (3) the changes of applied tools and methods in learning. The existing mismatch between supply and demand in the labour market may lead to a very dangerous situation: a sharp division of the society into two groups by knowledge-based society skills, namely to small number of winners and a large majority of losers. Countries (like Hungary) should listen to these lessons and based on their best traditions they must react to the challenges in time and in a proper way. Otherwise the favourable foundations created by social, economic and political transformation in the 1990s may not serve the real adjustment to the global trends and the prices of social modernisation will become extremely high.
In the economic growth process when China joined in WTO, internationalized operation has become an inevitable issue. Under the new normal economic condition, including the cut offtariffs on imported goods, businesses in China have realized the importance of enhancing the overall brand image, quality of products and services, and the international compatibility. Businesses of China need to develop creative and high-value-added products, and shall be able to rapidly change to satisfy market requirements to distinguish themselves from other products. It is the way of creating a new pattern of upgrading. It is the market-orientated development that is a primary condition for enterprises to adapt to the rapidly changing environment, keeping growth and attracting customers, acquiring competitive advantages, and creating excellent value for customers. It reveals the fact that in the future, businesses must change the focus from product to market needs. It is the marketorientation which could generate the competitive strength to resist competitors.
The research involves in total 45 international enterprises, which are distributed with the questionnaires. There are totally 124 and 107 copies of questionnaires retrieved from manufacturing industry and service industry, with valid retrieval rates of 54% and 46%, respectively. The research results show that: 1. there is positive effect of market orientation on breakthrough innovation, 2. there is positive effect of breakthrough innovation on organizational performance, and 3. there is positive effect of market orientation on organizational performance. Based upon the results, some suggestions are proposed in this study, expecting to help international enterprises develop market orientation, enhance breakthrough innovation, and improve organizational performance.
Authors:Attila Vámosi, Levente Czégé, and Imre Kocsis
1 Introduction As a result of the increasingly stringent measures of the governments as well as the marketrequirements large efforts are made to reduce fuel consumption and emission in the automotive industry. At the same time, due to technological
Authors:Mai Sao Dam, Xuan Thi To, Quoc Tan Pham Le, Lien Le Phuong Nguyen, László Friedrich, Géza Hitka, Tamás Zsom, Tien Cam Thi Nguyen, Chuong Quang Huynh, My Diem Thi Tran, and Vuong Duc Nguyen
Introduction Nowadays, fruit market is in high demand, thus maintaining quality of fruit including nutrition, microbial safety, and specific characteristics during storage are necessary. In order to meet the marketrequirements, many technologies