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The characteristics of the eutectic points and of the miscibility gaps are submitted for binary systems composed of margaric, palmitic or pentadecanoic acid as one component and succinic, glutaric or adipic acid as the other.

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Abstract  

Isoplethic thermal analysis was used to determine the solid-liquid-liquid equilibria in the ternary system water-sodium sulfate-piperidine. The changes in state observed on the thermogram recorded during the displacement in a quasi-binary section permit the identification of the different phases and the delimitation of the corresponding equilibrium domains. Two isotherms were established at 25°C and 40°C because these temperatures frame the peritectic decomposition of the sodium sulfate decahydrate. Miscibility gaps were completely delimited and each critical point was calculated. This study permitted to determine the optimal conditions for separating the organic phase by liquid-liquid extraction.

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miscible in water and soda is present as anhydrous and monohydrated forms [ 4 – 6 ]. The compositions of the invariant liquids L1 were obtained by acidimetric titration and those of the critical point κ of the miscibility gap by the generalized

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Abstract  

Two isothermal sections of the isobaric ternary system H2O–Na2SO4–C5H10NH were determined by isoplethic thermal analysis at 293 and 323 K. The compositions of the aqueous and organic invariant liquids, respectively L1 and L2, as well as that of the critical point, were characterized for each isotherm. The temperature of the invariant reaction was obtained by controlled flow thermal analysis and the temperature of the demixing ending, by interpolation of the monovariant lines. All these informations allowed us to establish the isobaric polythermal diagram of the H2O–Na2SO4–C5H10NH system, for the temperature range 293–323 K, as well as a qualitative representation of the monovariant curves. This system is then characterized by a wide miscibility gap, three crystallization domains, and four-three-phase invariant domains. The relevant exploitation of this diagram so permits us to deduce the demixing temperature leading to the optimal transfer of the organic compounds in the light phase and also the composition of the organic phase recovered after this first step of extraction.

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discussion. However, the monotectic alloys have been studied very less due to several difficulties associated with the miscibility gap systems. In this communication, the phase diagram, solidification behavior, thermochemistry, and microstructures of 1

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Maria Kuhnert-Brandstätter and A. Burger

Abstract  

The stearic acid-urea binary system exhibits an unusual phase diagram, which, on the one hand, indicates an incongruently melting inclusion compound and on the other hand a miscibility gap in the liquid phases. The peritectic point lies near the melting point of urea and the unstable congruent melting point of the inclusion compound coincides with the melting point of urea. In addition to the processing of the phase diagram, the pure inclusion compound was prepared and its DSC curve, FTIR spectrum and X-ray diffractogram were recorded.

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Abstract  

Competing groups in a population will be integrated or segregated depending on their contest strategies. In this work a population of a fixed proportion of hawks and doves is supposed to be able to employ two different contest strategies, one more competitive than the other one. Energies are derived for populations employing these strategies and these energies depend on the availability of the resource for which hawks and doves compete. The energy for the less competitive strategy is lower than the other one when the resource is abundant. In that case hawks and doves can be in cohabitation in all proportions. If, however, the resource is scarce, the energy of the more competitive strategy is lower than the other one. In that case complete segregation of hawks and doves into colonies will result. The situation is akin to the phase pressure diagram of a binary solution with eutectic point, miscibility gap in the liquid phase and complete miscibility in the vapour phase.

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Abstract  

This work is a part of the systematic study of the ternary based chalcogenides systems. The aim is to determine the phase equilibrium, and to determine the limits of the phase area. This is done in view to perfecting knowledge of elaboration conditions for new materials and to study of their physical properties. Few works have been devoted to the study of the ternary system Se-Te-Sn, only the cross section SnSe-SnTe has been studied [1] and [2]. The experimental study by DTA, DSC and X-ray diffraction on powder performed at room temperature, exhibits a miscibility gap in the liquid state which narrows as it goes through the Sn-Se binary system. Three cross sections behave as ‘quasi-binary‘ system and six ternary invariants have been exhibited: three ternary eutectics and three ternary quasi-peritectics.

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