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The sound archives of the Institute for Musicolgy of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences disposes over a large and invaluable audio folk music collection. It means some ten thousands hours of authentic folk music recordings. To afford the wider public an insight into this collection a series of record - title Hungarian Folk Music Anthology - started in 1985. The order of sets follows the Hungarian folk music dialect-areas, as Béla Bartók established then, each containing about 4 hours sound material illustrating the area with the characteristical song types. So far 4×5 records and 2 sets of cassettes have appeared: the folk-dance survey, the songs from North Hungary, Transdanubia, the Great Hungarian Plain, and East (i.e. Transylvania) in two parts. The closing part of the Antology is a set of 4 CS-s containing the folk music of Hungarians living in Moldavia and Bukovina. The demonstation will intraduce the history and the musical world of those.

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The study analyzes the changes in the religious and social life of a Roma Pentecostal community in an ethnically mixed village, and the relationship between migration practices and conversion to Pentecostalism. In the first part of the study, the author presents the Roma community and outlines the circumstances under which Pentecostalism emerged among them. Thereafter, the two types of migration practiced by the Roma will be presented: migration focused mainly on northern European countries, based on panhandling, and migration aimed at longer term residence in the countries of Western Europe. The analysis points to the importance of foreign migration-related income in the changing situation of the Roma, as well as the role of the Pentecostal religion in the modernization changes that began in the Roma community.

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The article analyses the circumstances of the origin, the course and after-life of a folk religious movement that emerged in 1986, during the time of the communist dictatorship. The religious movement arose in a region inhabited by an ethnic group constituting a religious and linguistic minority, the Csángós of Moldavia, in one of the most economically backward zones of Romania. The Csángós of Moldavia (a Hungarian-speaking, Roman Catholic ethnic group) in many respects resemble pre-industrial ethnic groups; their world view and religious practice have mediaeval characteristics. The Romanian communist regime had one of the community's leaders killed; a doctor who was also a consecrated priest. After his death people began to attribute miraculous, healing power to the well in front of his house. As a result the well soon became a place of pilgrimage attracting crowds of thousands. The Securitate (the Romanian secret police) tried to prevent the development of the cult; it dispersed what had become a constant crowd of believers around the well and placed it under police control. Despite the bans the pilgrimages did not stop, on the contrary they increasingly took on the character of a movement. After the area around the well was closed, the destination of the pilgrimages was shifted to the village cemetery where the doctor was buried and where the miracles, healings and visions continued.

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Abstract

In the study I tried to reconstruct the history of the Jewish community of Tállya and their synagogue, for up to now neither the community, nor the art historically important Torah ark has received due attention. After the Holocaust very few survivors came back to Tállya – a settlement in Tokaj-Hegyalja, a region of north-eastern Hungary – and not a single member of the former Orthodox congregation lives there today. The community built their third place of worship in the mid-nineteenth century, pulled down in 1964. The reasons why I found it important to map the socio-cultural and religious environment in more detail are commemorative and research methodological. The Israelite community enjoyed autonomy in choosing their rabbi and arranging all other domestic matters, and consequently, their taste, religious orientation, acculturation influenced the shaping of their synagogue building, the style of its furnishing and ritual objects. For lack of congregational documents, many kinds of sources (e.g. newspaper articles, recollections, biographies of rabbis, municipal documents) had to be interpreted within the context offered by the historical elaborations of the age. It was indispensable to shed light on the system of relations between Hasidism of growing influence from the early nineteenth century and traditional Orthodoxy, particularly because the tendencies of secession also appeared in the Tállya community, and the iconography of the Torah ark of their synagogue is most closely related to the carved Torah arks of East European Hasidic communities (in Poland, Galicia, Moldavia, etc.). According to archival sources the community leaders of Tállya could assert their wish to have the woodcarver create symbolic motifs on the ark despite the rabbi’s disapproval. As the direct antecedent to the composition I identified the masonry Torah ark of Mád, but the inventive, singular style of the carvings bears no kinship with the mentioned prototypes or the altars in churches in the vicinity. At the end of the paper I sum up the events that led to the demolition of the synagogue and the perishing of its interior furniture, relying on documents in the Hungarian Jewish Museum and the Monument Documentation Centre.

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The modernizational processes have appeared in the Moldavian Hungarian communities, too. Alternative, new religious ideologies have appeared beside the former world view. The church has introduced different reform steps due to the modernization. In my paper, I would like to outline some of these processes.

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The Mémoirs de la comtesse Edling

The First (?) Attempt at Writing Memoirs by a Greek Nineteenth-Century Lady

Neohelicon
Author:
Sophia Denissi

Summary Although The Mémoirs de La comtesse Edling were written in French (1829) and published in Russia (1880), they can be considered as the first attempt at the writing of memoirs by a Greek lady. The reason is that la comtesse Edling is none other than Roxandra Stourdza, a Phanariot (Greek from Istanbul) by parentage, the granddaughter of Constantinos Mourouzis hospodar of Moldavia. Her position as lady-in-waiting of the Empress Elizabeth of Russia gave her access to important political information related to the fate of Europe and to that of the land of her fathers. Despite their importance Stourdza's Mémoirs have not yet been recognized as a work deserving critical attention in its own right. My reading of her work will try to show that Strourdza through her memoirs was trying to enter the public sphere building up an identity worthy of a public record. She also tried to reveal the blending of the private and public spheres behind historical events, as well as the hidden role of women characters in the formation of public events. In order to do so: - She deliberately chose a “masculine genre', such as the memoirs, due to their close relationship to historical writing - She carefully planned and industriously prepared the writing of this historical-political work, often unveiling the intrigues and the more “private' occurrences behind well-known events - She stressed her close relationship to the Tsar, as his friend and counsellor, but also her intervening in Greek affairs, often putting herself behind important decisions, some of a private and others of a public character.

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77 SZENIK, Ilona 1996 Erdélyi és moldvai magyar siratók, siratóparódiák és halottas énekek [Hungarian laments, lament parodies and funeral songs from Transylvania and Moldavia]. Kriterion

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1982 Periş, Lucian 1998. Le Missioni Gesuite in Transilvania e Moldavia nel Seicento. Editura Fundaţiei pentru Studii Europene, Cluj

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Acta Ethnographica Hungarica
Authors:
Balázs Borsos
,
Judit Balatonyi
,
Eszter Győrfy
,
Ákos Nagy
, and
Attila Paládi-Kovács

in Romanian, Roma, and Csángó Communities in Moldavia] . 2020 , Budapest – Kolozsvár : Balassi Kiadó – Erdélyi Múzeum Egyesület . (Vallásantropológiai tanulmányok Közép-Kelet-Európából 9.) 164 + 24 . ISBN 978-963-456-068-5 , ISSN 2416-0318 Jakab

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Maystrenko, O.I. 1992. Use of cytogenetic methods in studying the ontogenesis of common wheat. In: Ontogenetica Vysshikh Rasteniy. Shtiniitsa Publisher, Kishinev, Moldavia, pp. 98–114 (In Russian). McIntosh, R.A., Devos, K

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