survey has not been given proper attention. While exploring the bryophyte vegetation en route to Tungnath area, a rare pleurocarpous moss Bryocrumia L. E. Anderson was recognised. The genus name Bryocrumia refers to “Gorge Moss” due to its slender
INTRODUCTION Mosses are the land plants which comprise about 13,000 species and exhibit pivotal role in many terrestrial ecosystems ( Shaw 2009 ). The relationships between and within the major groups of mosses have not been explored as done in
Radiocesium (134Cs and137Cs) activity levels in mosses from the Black Sea area, northern Turkey, are reported following the Chernobyl accident during the period of 1989–1991. The cesium radionuclides were detected and measured in all the samples but other longlived radionuclides such as144Ce and106Ru were measured in only one sample. The present data support the fact that radioactivity monitoring in mosses can be useful to determine the lasting effect of radioactive contamination.
Field studies were organised for exploring the moss flora of Dereli district of Giresun during spring-summer period in 2005. Ninety-one specimens were collected in these field studies. After identification of these specimens, five new records for A4 (40–42° N, 38–42° E) were determined according to Henderson’s grid system (1961
A simple, sensitive and selective method is described for the simultaneous determination of plutonium and americium in lichen and moss samples which can be used as the atmospheric radioactivity bioindicators. Plutonium is separated from a HCl leaching solution by a Microthene-TNOA column; americium is separated by a KL-HDEHP column and purified by PMBP-TOPO extraction. A special attention has been paid to the decontamination of plutonium and americium from210Po. Ten lichen and 12 moss samples from tree trunks have been analyzed: starting from 2 g sample, the average yields and the detection limits were 70.2±12.5% and 28 mBq/kg for plutonium and 70.0±15.1% and 34 mBq/kg for americium. The concentrations (mBq/kg) ranged from 28 to 4960 for239,240Pu, from 28 to 171 for238Pu and from 34 to 1930 for241Am, respectively.
An intercomparison of data obtained for a moss reference material (Hylocomium splendens) used as biomonitor of atmospheric deposition by different multi-element techniques is presented. In total 43 elements (Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Sc, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Ag, Sn, Sb, I, Cs, Ba, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Tm, Yb, Lu, Hf, Ta, W, Au, Th, U) were determined using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), conventional instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), epithermal neutron activation analysis (ENAA) and as well as shorttime neutron activation analysis without and with a6LiD-converter. Advantages and drawbacks of each method are discussed. The introduction of moss reference materials for atmospheric multi-element deposition studies involving nuclear analytical techniques is strongly recommended.
Moss samples collected from the eastern Black Sea about 6.5 years after the Chernobyl accident have been analyzed for radiocesium activity.134Cs activity was also detected in all the samples beside137Cs radionuclide. The levels of total cesium activity in the mosses proved that the coastal zone in the eastern Black Sea region was highly contaminated.
For the first time the moss biomonitoring technique has been applied to air pollution monitoring in Central Russia (Tula region). INAA at the IBR-2 reactor has made it possible to determine the content of 33 elements in mosses collected at 83 sampling site. In addition to NAA, flame AAS (atomic absorption spectrometry) was applied to determine the content of Cd, Cu and Pb. Factor analysis was applied to determine possible sources of trace element deposition in Tula mosses. The geographical distribution of factor scores and some element distribution maps over the investigated territory are presented.