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Abstract  

In this study, the adsorption of U(VI) from aqueous solution on Na-rectorite was studied as a function of various environmental conditions such as contact time, pH, ionic strength, soil humic acid (HA)/fulvic acid (FA), solid contents, and temperature under ambient conditions by using batch technique. The kinetic adsorption is fitted by the pseudo-second-order model very well. The adsorption of U(VI) on Na-rectorite was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. A positive effect of HA/FA on U(VI) adsorption was found at low pH, whereas a negative effect was observed at high pH. The presence of HA/FA enhanced the U(VI) adsorption at low pH values, but reduced U(VI) adsorption at high pH. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH 0, ΔS 0, and ΔG 0) were also calculated from the temperature dependent adsorption isotherms, and the results suggested that the adsorption of U(VI) on Na-rectorite was a spontaneous and endothermic process.

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Abstract  

The sorption of Co(II) from aqueous solution on Na-rectorite was investigated under ambient conditions. Experiments were carried out as a function of contact time, solid content, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, fulvic acid and temperature. The results indicated that the sorption of Co(II) was strongly dependent on pH. At low pH the sorption was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation or ion exchange, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich (D–R) models were used to simulate the sorption isotherms at three different temperatures. The thermodynamic data (∆G 0, ∆S 0, ∆H 0) were calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms and the results suggested that the sorption process of Co(II) on Na-rectorite was spontaneous and endothermic. Experimental results indicate that Na-rectorite is a suitable adsorbent for preconcentration and solidification of Co(II) from large volumes of aqueous solutions.

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Abstract  

Sorption of Th(IV) on Na-rectorite as a function of pH, ionic strength, soil humic acid (HA) and fulvic acid (FA) are studied under ambient conditions by using a batch technique. The results indicate that the sorption of Th(IV) on Na-rectorite is not only dependent on medium pH values, but also dependent on medium ionic strength and humic substances. Surface complexation and cation competition exchange account for Th(IV) sorption on Na-rectorite. The sorption of Th(IV) on Na-rectorite decreases with the increase on the concentration of NaNO3, Mg(NO3)2 and Ca(NO3)2, and increases with the increasing amount of HA/FA in the suspension/adsorbed on rectorite. Soil HA/FA enhances the sorption of Th(IV) on rectorite at medium pH<4 drastically, but the presence of FA reduces the sorption of Th(IV) at medium pH>6, and HA has no effect on Th(IV) sorption at medium pH>6. An interpretation for the results is attempted, considering the occurrence of different sorption mechanisms.

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