DTA, TG, XRD and IR methods were used to study the formation of solid solutions in the selected subsolidus range of the PbZrO3-K0.5Bi0.5TiO3 system by heating mixtures prepared using oxide substrates, i.e. PbO, Bi2O3, ZrO2, TiO2 and K2CO3. It was found that solid solutions are formed in the reaction of PbO and ZrO2 with intermediate compound, i.e. K0.5Bi0.5TiO3. PbZrO3 was not found to be formed as an intermediate phase.
Authors:T. Yoshida, Y. Moriya, T. Tojo, H. Kawaji, T. Atake, and Y. Kuroiwa
The heat capacity of PbMO3 (M=Ti, Zr and Hf) at constant pressure was measured using a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) from room temperature up
to 870 K. Large anomalies were found in the heat capacity curves, corresponding to the ferroelectricparaelectric phase transition
in PbTiO3 (PT), the antiferroelectric-paraelectric phase transitions in PbZrO3 (PZ) and PbHfO3 (PH). The transition entropies were estimated as 7.3 J K−1 mol−1 (PT), 9.9 J K−1 mol−1 (PZ) and 9.3 J K−1 mol−1 (PH). These values of transition entropies are much larger than that of a typical displacive-type phase transition.