Authors:Ewa Kowalska, Elżbieta Czerwosz, Anna Kamińska, and Mirosław Kozłowski
hydrogen sensors are searched for. In Tele and Radio Research Institute a new technology of preparation an active layer based on nanocomposite carbonaceous-palladium films (Nc-C-Pd films) is developed. Physicalvapordeposition (PVD) process is applied to
Application of temperature modulated dilatometry (TM DIL) to investigation on degradation of the adhesion between ceramic
films and the substrate is presented. Layers of titanium nitride deposited by plasma assisted physical vapour deposition (PA
PVD) methods on the Armco iron substrates were tested. This paper shows that the TM DIL method is helpful in determining the
usefulness of the titanium nitride covering of the cutting tools and machine parts.
The aim of the present work is to find relation between the state of ceramic coating of iron and the physical properties of
coated samples as a function of temperature. The iron samples coated by plasma assisted physical vapor deposition (PA PVD)
with layers of TiN were investigated with new technique – temperature modulated thermomagnetometry (TM TMAG) and thermal dilatometry
(TM DIL). From the irregular behavior of the thermal dilatation and magnetic susceptibility, the process of the coating degradation
can be resolved.
Authors:T. Marek, D. Hanzel, Cs. Szeles, K. Süvegh, A. Vértes, and K. Lynn
Samples of TiN hard coatings prepared by physical vapour deposition (PVD) were investigated by means of depth-sensitive positron annihilation spectroscopy. The results indicate that the samples are at the limits of the applicability of this method presumably due to the high defect concentration. Our findings also show that, though the samples are thoroughly characterized by other independent methods, they might not be sufficient to explain all aspects of positron-solid interactions in these cases.
Authors:E. Kowalska, E. Czerwosz, M. Kozłowski, W. Surga, J. Radomska, and H. Wronka
Carbonaceous films containing Pd nanocrystals can be applied as active layers in gas sensor applications. In this article
we show results of studies of C-Pd films, obtained with two different methods: (1) physical and (2) physical + chemical deposition.
First type of film prepared by physical vapor deposition (PVD) process was composed of fullerenes, amorphous carbon, and palladium
nanograins. In the second method PVD film was modified in chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process forming a foam-like structure.
Both types of films were studied by SEM, TEM, TGA, and electrical characterization (measurement of resistivity versus composition
of gaseous hydrocarbons mixture).
Authors:I. Tamáska, Z. Vértesy, A. Deák, P. Petrik, K. Kertész, and László Biró
Bioinspired 1+2D nanoarchitectures inspired by the quasi-ordered structures occurring in photonic nano-architectures of biological origin, like for example butterfly scales, were produced by depositing a layer of SiO2 nanospheres (156 nm and 292 nm in diameter) on Si wafers, over which a regular multilayer composed from three alternating layers of SiO2 and TiO2 was deposited by physical vapor deposition. Flat multilayers were deposited in the same run on oxidized Si (324 nm SiO2 thickness) for comparison. Different types of disorder (in plane and out of plane) were purposefully allowed in the 1+2D nanoarchitectures. The positions of the specular reflection maxima for the flat multilayer and for the two different bioinspired nanoarchitectures were found to be similar. Additionally to this, the bioinspired nanoarchitectures exhibited angle independent diffuse reflection too, which was absent in the flat multilayer. Different model calculations were made to explain the specular and diffuse optical properties of the samples. Satisfactory agreement was obtained between experimental data and model calculations.
Authors:P. Myśliński, W. Precht, L. Kukiełka, P. Kamasa, K. Pietruszka, and P. Małek
The work demonstrates a proof of application of the modulated-temperature dilatometry (MTDIL) to the stresses investigations
of the well known and commonly used hard coatings e.g. TiN, TiCN, TiAlN thin films deposited mainly on different type of tools
for its higher performances. In the PVD (physical vapour deposition) processes such kind of coatings are formed in meta stable
state caused, between other, by strong stresses between coating and substrate. These stresses have an important influence
on the fundamental properties of the coatings, for example, adherence to the substrate, so they are the subject of many investigations
by use of different methods, mainly XRD (X-ray diffraction). For the purpose of presentation of application of MTDIL for such
kind of investigation two reference substrate materials were chosen: ARMCO steel and cemented carbide in the form suitable
for dilatometric analysis covered, by actually the most conventional, TiN hard coating. In the article the experimental results
are presented, discussed and compared with simple model formed by means of finite elements method (FEM).
Authors:P. Myśliński, P. Kamasa, A. Gilewicz, and J. Staśkiewicz
The work is aimed to develop the diagnostic method for testing the state of surface coated with the wear-resistant films.
Thin wear-resistant ceramic films based on titanium such as TiN, TiCN, TiAlN are deposited on working surface of cutting tools
or machine elements in order to improve their tribological properties. The operation life depends mainly on the residual stresses
occurring in films and the kinetics of their relaxation as a function of temperature and time. The value of the stresses is
influenced by the technological conditions of film deposition and the physical and chemical properties of the substrate and
The paper has demonstrated the usability of the modulated-temperature dilatometry (MT DIL) for recording the changes in mechanical
effects of the adhesive film on the substrate as a function of temperature and time. The substrates where in the shape of
cylindrical rod, 30 mm length and 3 mm diameter and of the ribbon 30 mm in length, 2 mm in wide and 120 μm thick. The thickness
of the coatings was from 2 to 3 μm. The films deposition were performed using the physical vapour deposition (PVD) technique.
Authors:M. Alsawafta, S. Badilescu, M. Packirisamy, and Vo-Van Truong
well [ 2 , 3 ].
Nano-sized copper particles have been prepared through a plethora of physical and chemical methods such as thermal decomposition [ 4 ], radiation methods [ 5 ], physicalvapordeposition [ 6 ], sonochemical reduction [ 7 ], and