The effect of diets containing corn, olive, roselle seed oils and ghee (pure milk fat) on growth and tissue lipid profiles of C57PL/6N mice was investigated. No diet had deleterious effect on mice growth; however milk fat significantly increased mice body weight gain. Comparing with ghee, vegetable oils reduced serum cholesterol; whereas corn oil had the superior effect. Serum of mice fed olive oil and ghee held significantly higher levels of HDL cholesterol than the other groups. Among all mice, serum total/HDL cholesterol ratio was significantly lower in corn oil group, however, the olive oil diet significantly reduced serum LDL cholesterol. The ghee group held significantly eminent serum triglycerides (TG) content. Liver cholesterol content of mice fed corn or roselle seed oil was significantly lower than that of the other groups. The weight of adipose tissue and its content of TG were comparable among all groups. The present study demonstrates for the first time the nutritional properties and beneficial effects of roselle seed oil on tissue lipid profiles using experimental animals. The obtained results may support the claim of using roselle seed oil in human nutrition.
In order to clarify the role of Pl PMI3 resistance gene in sunflower differential lines D4 for differentiation the pathogenicity in Plasmopara halstedii (sunflower downy mildew), analyses were carried out in two groups including four pathotypes which overcome and do not overcome Pl PMI3 (Pl gene has still not been mapped) resistance gene. Based on the reaction for the P. halstedii isolates to sunflower hybrids varying only in Pl resistance genes, there were no virulence differences for the two groups. Index of aggressiveness was calculated for pathogen isolates and revealed the presence of significant differences between isolates of races 304 and 314; however, there were no aggressiveness differences for 7xx races. Regarding the life-history trait and the genetic architecture of the pathogen: there were morphological and genetic variations for the four P. halstedii isolates without a correlation with pathogenic diversity. The importance of the Pl PMI3 resistance gene to differentiate the pathogenicity in sunflower downy mildew was discussed.
The papyrus letters from an early Christian environment have always attracted the papyrologists’ attention. This paper presents a new, so far inedited piece from the Laurenziana Collection of Florence. Although the papyrus is badly mutilated and incomplete, besides the transcription, a partial and very hypothetical restoration of the content and the context can be attempted. According to my interpretation the writer gives an account of a speech held by the deacon Stephan, which may echo verses from the Letter of James (James 2.2–6). If its date based on paleographical considerations (3rd–4th c.) is correct, the papyrus might even refer to the city of Arkadia on Crete, although a dating into the 5th c. and an interpretation of the name as the eparchy of Arkadia in Egypt cannot be excluded. Despite all difficulties the papyrus represents a new, surely Christian letter with a possible Biblical echo. This paper, however, is not the critical edition of the text, which is to be prepared in a forthcoming article; its only intention is to present the papyrus with its problems and propose a possible reading of the text.
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