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in a stage of continuous development and transformation. The appearance of street art can not only make the street space full of artistic atmosphere, but also its development and change cannot be separated from urban public space. Street art plays a

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Visegrád, with its 1800 inhabitants, is considered to be the smallest town of Hungary. The development of the town center is a fine example for how the original exaggerating ideas were altered due to the economic crisis - besides its negative effects - and facilitated the birth of a sustainable development, satisfying the continuous needs of the local community and the temporary demands of tourism.

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The paper shows a general introduction about the connection of cities, particularly Siófok, the ‘capital’ of Lake Balaton and water surfaces through three topics: the first part deals with the past and present of waterfronts, by exploring the most important principles in their design, then describes the significant tools and methods of the Hungarian cities around Lake Balaton, the most important water surface of Hungary, related to the areas adjacent to the water. Finally, it reveals a complex design work by the authors for refurbishing the waterfront in Siófok, based on a national competition.

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“poor” built environment. The “poor” design does not refer directly to the buildings, but to the isolated position of the campus or the lack of public spaces. Avoiding a “poor” environment in a city environment is much more complex than Greenfield

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unofficial proper nouns, personal names, other names in public spaces, and extralinguistic (non-verbal) signs referring to names as well. The name semiotic landscape is composed of proper nouns and extralinguistic (non-verbal) signs (such as emblems, photos

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unofficial proper nouns, personal names, other names in public spaces, and extralinguistic (non-verbal) signs referring to names as well. The name semiotic landscape is composed of proper nouns and extralinguistic (non-verbal) signs (such as emblems, photos

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The paper represents the rapidly developing cities in China, namely Shanghai. The metropolis has become a show-case city of the Chinese economy in the last couple of decades. By means of vast investments Shanghai is constantly being renewed and re-edified. The goal of the paper is to present the transformation of the existing conditions, related to public spaces through scientific and empirical elements.

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Jelen cikk a lakótelepek térproblémáit a városépítészet szemszögéből foglalja össze: a lakótelepek telepítésének, identitásának, a hely szellemének kérdéseit; a különböző szintű infrastrukturális hiányosságokat; a tulajdonjogi és telekalakítási helyzetet; a közterek állapotát és rendszereivel kapcsolatos problémákat. Az elemzés Rab Judit PhD kutatási munkájának része, amely a budapesti panellakótelepek rehabilitációját, ezen belül elsősorban azok köztereinek, térszerkezetének megújítási lehetőségeit vizsgálja. A kutatás első része a lakótelepek rövid történeti áttekintésével, egy térszervezés-vizsgálatra alapozott tipológia felállításával, valamint a lakótelepek szociológiai, városépítészeti, építési-építészeti szempontok szerinti kritikai elemzésével foglalkozik. A második szakasz a lakótelepeken megtalálható külső terek típusait veszi számba, elemzi ezeket, illetve az ezen elemekből összeálló térrendszert vizsgálja. A harmadik szakasz a lakótelepek megújulási lehetőségeivel foglalkozik, illetve a komplex rehabilitáció kérdésében fogalmaz meg ajánlásokat.

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Abstract

The relationship between water body (fountains) scale and climate parameters like wind speed, air temperature, relative humidity, as well as thermal comfort index was modeled and analyzed via Envi-met code. Taking the water impact and factors analysis as a research object, the factors mainly discussed in this research are square area to water-body area ratio and the location of the water element. However, the computational fluid dynamics simulations were conducted on the following scenarios: 3% (original base case), 6%, and 9% of the total square's area, then the outputs of the two simulation results were compared to the original base case. The results revealed that water scale has a slight effect on the micro-climate of the built environment in the summertime in moderately warm-wet climate zone. However, it is beneficial to adjust temperature and humidity in public spaces of central European cities. Nonetheless, the main aim of this paper is to quantitatively investigate the impact of the water bodies on the urban weather parameters and human thermal comfort under the influence of different scale ratios in Pecs-Hungary.

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