A major difficulty with bibliometric measures of departmental research contributions based upon publications counts has concerned the summing of publications of different types. An attempt is made in this paper to bypass this aggregation problem by appeal to the methods of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). In this way we investigate the technical efficiency of UK university departments of economics as producers of research. The data set used is an extended version of the one which informed the recent Universities Funding Council peer review, and the results obtained here are compared with those obtained by the Council. We conclude that, although due caution is needed in the interpretation of results, DEA has a positive contribution to make in the development of meaningful indicators of university performance.
Authors:Clara Calero, Renald Buter, Cecilia Cabello Valdés, and Ed Noyons
We present a new bibliometric approach to identify research groups in a particular research field. With a combination of bibliometric
mapping techniques and network analysis we identify and classify clusters of authors to represent research groups. In this
paper we illustrate the application and potential of this approach and present two types of outcomes: actual research groups
and potential research groups. The former enables us to define research groups beyond the organizational structure. The latter
may be used to identify potential partners for collaboration. Our approach is a starting point to deal with the complex issue
of research groups in a changing structure of scientific research.
A literature review uncovered six distinctive indicators of failed information epidemics in the scientific journal literature:
(1) presence of seminal papers(s), (2) rapid growth/decline in author frequency, (3) multi-disciplinary research, (4) epidemic
growth/decline in journal publication frequency, (5) predominance of rapid communication journal publications, and (6) increased
multi-authorship. These indicators were applied to journal publication data from two known failed information epidemics, Polywater
and Cold Nuclear Fusion. Indicators 1-4 were distinctive of the failed epidemics, Indicator 6 was not, and Indicator 5 might
be. Further bibliometric study of these five indicators in the context of other epidemic literatures needed.
This paper provides the profiling on the ‘relative absorptive capacity of knowledge’ research to provide insights of the field based on data collected from the ISI Web of science database during the years 2001–2010. The analysis is established in three phases, namely, the general publication, the subject area, and the topic profiling. The study obtains patterns, characteristics, and attributes at country, institutions, journals, author, and core reference levels. It shows the increase of the research activity in the field, based on the publication productivity during the years mentioned. Most of these publications are classified in the subject areas of business and economics, engineering, and operations research and management science. We highlight the nascent interest of the computer science subject area as a way to operationalize the different studies conducted. We found a lack of contribution from African and Latin–American countries despite the importance of the field for them. Our results are useful in terms of science strategy, science and technology policy, research agendas, research alliances, and research networks according to the special interest of specific actors at the individual, institutional, and national levels.
This paper studies the production of dissertations in eight research fields in the natural sciences, the social sciences and the humanities. In using doctoral dissertations it builds on De Solla Prices seminal study which used PhD dissertations as one of several indicators of scientific growth (Price, Little science, big science, ). Data from the ProQuest: Dissertations and Theses database covering the years 1950–2007 are used to depict historical trends, and the Gompertz function was used for analysing the data. A decline in the growth of dissertations can be seen in all fields in the mid-eighties and several fields show only a modest growth during the entire period. The growth profiles of specific disciplines could not be explained by traditional dichotomies such as pure/applied or soft/hard, but rather it seems that the age of the discipline appears to be an important factor. Thus, it is obvious that the growth of dissertations must be explained using several factors emerging both inside and outside academia. Consequently, we propose that the output of dissertations can be used as an indicator of growth, especially in fields like the humanities, where journal or article counts are less applicable.
Authors:Ana Cardoso, Paulo Guimarães, and Klaus Zimmermann
This paper analyzes the early research performance of PhD graduates in labor economics, addressing the following questions:
Are there major productivity differences between graduates from American and European institutions? If so, how relevant is
the quality of the training received (i.e. ranking of institution and supervisor) and the research environment in the subsequent
job placement institution? The population under study consists of labor economics PhD graduates who received their degree
in the years 2000–2005 in Europe or the USA. Research productivity is evaluated alternatively as the number of publications
or the quality-adjusted number of publications of an individual. When restricting the analysis to the number of publications,
results suggest a higher productivity by graduates from European universities than from USA universities, but this difference
vanishes when accounting for the quality of the publication. The results also indicate that graduates placed at American institutions,
in particular top ones, are likely to publish more quality-adjusted articles than their European counterparts. This may be
because, when hired, they already have several good acceptances or because of more focused research efforts and clearer career
Authors:Jian Zhang, Michael S. Vogeley, and Chaomei Chen
Large-scale scientific projects have become a major impetus of scientific advances. But few studies have specifically analyzed how those projects bolster scientific research. We address this question from a scientometrics perspective. By analyzing the bibliographic records of papers relevant to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), we found that the SDSS helped scientists from many countries further develop their own research; investigators initially formed large research groups to tackle key problems, while later papers involved fewer authors; and the number of research topics increased but the diversity of topics remains stable. Furthermore, the entropy analysis method has proven valuable in terms of analyzing patterns of research topics at a macroscopic level.
The paper has the general aim of assessing the worldwide research activity in agricultural and food science and technology as it is reflected by the mainstream journal literature. The specific research questions were as follows: (1) What is the position of the European Research Area (ERA) represented by 33 countries in this study, on the world map of agrifood science publications? (2) Which countries are influential and what is their position? (3) Are there any specific European strengths and weaknesses by subfields of agrifood science? Overall, assessed by the total number of publications, the European Research Area (ERA), represented by 33 countries in this study, is in a dominant position on the world map of agrifood science. However, agrifood publications from the United States are more influential (judged by the average citation rates per paper). Correlation has been found between economic power and agrifood science publications: this is true not only for the total number of papers, but also for influence (measured by, again, the citation rates). Within Europe, the UK, Germany, France, Spain and the Netherlands dominate the agrifood research fields also in terms of citations. The Scandinavian countries, the Benelux states and Switzerland manage to produce influential papers across several fields of agrifood science. The EU's New Member States—a populous area—together have less than 10% share in Europe's agrifood publications and in citations they account for a 3–4% portion only. It seems that deepening of the integration of the national research systems in the European Research Area is desirable to have more impact of European agrifood research viewed from a global perspective.
Authors:J. A. García, Rosa Rodriguez-Sánchez, J. Fdez-Valdivia, and J. Martinez-Baena
Here we study the relationship between journal quartile rankings of ISI impact factor (at the 2010) and journal classification in four impact classes, i.e., highest impact, medium highest impact, medium lowest impact, and lowest impact journals in subject category computer science artificial intelligence. To this aim, we use fuzzy maximum likelihood estimation clustering in order to identify groups of journals sharing similar characteristics in a multivariate indicator space. The seven variables used in this analysis are: (1) Scimago Journal Ranking (SJR); (2) H-Index (H); (3) ISI impact factor (IF); (4) 5-Year Impact Factor (5IF); (5) Immediacy Index (II); (6) Eigenfactor Score (ES); and (7) Article Influence Score (AIS). The fuzzy clustering allows impact classes to overlap, thereby accommodating for uncertainty related to the confusion about the impact class attribution for a journal and vagueness in impact classes definition. This paper demonstrates the complex relationship between quartiles of ISI impact factor and journal impact classes in the multivariate indicator space. And that several indicators should be used for a distinct analysis of structural changes at the score distribution of journals in a subject category. Here we propose it can be performed in a multivariate indicator space using a fuzzy classifier.
Authors:Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas, Raimundas Kirvaitis, and Eleonora Dagienė
The article focuses on evolution of scientific publications released in the Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia) and refers to international databases that contain scientific papers produced over the last 20 years of independence. The countries share the same history of restoration of independence after 40 years of occupation. The article shall specifically focus on the period of post EU accession in 2004. It will discuss the contribution of Kaunas University of Technology, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Riga Technical University and Tallinn University of Technology to the total number of publications in these countries. The investigation was based on databases of Thomson Reuters Web of Science, Essential Science Indicators and Journal Citation Report. Additionally, it employed the Scimago ranking system based on Scopus database. Data analysis also involved similar indices that provide the number of papers and their citation results as well as the average number of citations per paper.