The placement of Helenus, the Trojan seer, near the end of Pythagoras’ speech in Ovid’s Metamorphoses 15, humorously comments on the Augustan projection of Rome’s predestined world conquest. In Metamorphoses 15, the philosopher Pythagoras casts himself in the light of the Vergilian Helenus. Among the various common characteristics Helenus and Pythagoras share outstanding is their metaliterary identity as conveyed in an interfusion of comprehensive knowledge, communication of uncontested truth but also adherence to deception: the Ovidian Pythagoras’ speech is ridden with inaccurate information and chronological fallacies, while Ovid’s Helenus is in fact the Vergilian Helenus, a confused individual who lives in the deceptive contentment of an a-chronic world of ghosts. By means of undermining the infallibility of prophesying through the lack of credibility of the prophet, Ovid undermines the standardization of the literary motif of epic prophecies about Rome’s world conquest, a much advertized theme in the various expressions of Augustan ideology of global conquest.
The paper which focuses on a myth of Pythagorean origin transformed by Clement of Alexandria (Protr. 1, 1, 2: a cicada saves the lyric performance of Eunomos, which was in danger because of a broken string), and on a Pythagorean symbol treated in the Stromata (5, 5, 27: the cicada as the synonym of Logos) wants to emphasize the importance of the Pythagorism for him. Clement's views on music and harmony as principles of the cosmos, on kinship of the livings, on transmission of knowledge by symbols recall ideas generally associated with Pythagoras. The father attributes eminent role to Pythagoras among the Greeks having certain notions about God. His image of the Pythagorean “believer” contributes to the portrait of the real Gnostic.
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These relations can be followed far back to history when the geometry of pentagon (and the pentagram inscribed within it) bore its high metaphysical association as explored by the Pythagoreans (after Pythagoras 586–506): they considered it as an emblem
Authors:Werner Hässelbarth, Jürgen Rauch, and Stefan M. Sarge
Pythagoras theorem is restricted to uncorrelated uncertainty contributions. Significant correlations between the input quantities (more specifically: between errors of the input quantities) have to be quantified
development . Frankfurt am Main : DIPF . Klieme , E. , Pauli , C. , & Reusser , K. ( 2009 ). The Pythagoras study: Investigating effects of teaching and learning in Swiss and German mathematics classrooms . In T. Janik & T. Seidel (Eds.), The