Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 6 of 6 items for :

  • "Radiogallium" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

Abstract  

A simple, non-destructive and rapid radiochemical separation of radiogallium from Zn and Cu targets by ion-exchange chromatography using Amberlyst 21b was studied. The separation yield was high, while the chemical impurity in the separated radiogallium (inactive Zn or Cu) was low (<0.4 μg). The final product was obtained in the form of gallium citrate in a single step method technique that avoided the time consumption and corrosive evaporation.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The radiochemical separation of radiogallium from radiogermanium was studied using ion-exchange chromatography (Amberlite IR-120) and solvent extraction (Aliquat 336 in o-xylene). Both Amberlite IR-120 and Aliquat 336 in o-xylene have been used for the first time in separations involving radiogallium and radiogermanium. For tracer studies the radionuclides 68Ge (t 1/2 = 270.8 days), 69Ge (t 1/2 = 39 h) and 67Ga (t 1/2 = 78.3 h) were used. They were produced by the nuclear reactions natGa(p,xn)68,69Ge and natZn(p,xn)67Ga, respectively, and separated from their target materials in no-carrier-added form. Several factors affecting the separation of radiogallium from radiogermanium were studied and for each procedure the optimum conditions were determined. The solvent extraction using Aliquat 336 was found to be better. The separation yield of radiogallium was >95%, the time of separation short, the contamination from radiogermanium <0.008% and the final product was obtained in 0.5 M KOH. This method was adapted to the separation of n.c.a. 68Ga from its parent n.c.a. 68Ge. The quality of the product thus obtained is discussed.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The method described in this paper is a new and more capable separation (5 ppm zinc impurity) as well as fast with a 25–35 min whole process time. Optimal 67Ga separations (yielding 93.2% efficiency) from Cu and 68Zn were obtained by precipitate with 2 M NaOH.

Restricted access

Abstract  

In this work, recently prepared 67Ga-labeled glucagon (67Ga-DTPA-GCG) for imaging studies (radiochemical purity >94%; HPLC, S.A. 296–370 GBq/mM) was used in biological studies. The wild-type rat biodistribution results, 2 h post injection, demonstrated high tissue:muscle ratios for target tissues (liver, kidney, heart, spleen, fat intestine stomach and pancreas), 234, 18.45, 7.12, 1.75, 128.7, 4.9, 6.3 and 1.11, respectively. The tracer binding capacity using freshly prepared rat brain homogenate demonstrated significant specific binding of the tracer to neuronal GCG receptors (67Ga-DTPA-GCG/67Ga:3 and 67Ga-DTPA-GCG/67GaDTPA:2.2 at 90 min). SPECT images also demonstrated target specific binding of the tracer at 4 h. The data suggests the tracer is accumulated in GCGR rich tissues 2–4 h post injection, suggesting potentials of the tracer for future imaging studies in glocagonoma models.

Restricted access
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Amir Jalilian, Hassan Yousefnia, Samaneh Zolghadri, Mohammad Khoshdel, Fatemeh Bolourinovin, and Ali Rahiminejad

Abstract  

[67Ga]-ethylenecysteamine cysteine ([67Ga]ECC) was prepared using freshly prepared [67Ga]GaCl3 and ethylenecysteamine cysteine (ECC) for 30 min at 90 °C (radiochemical purity ≈97 ± 0.88% ITLC, specific activity: 210 ± 5 GBq/mM). Stability of the complex was checked in human serum for 24 h at 37 °C. Partition co-efficient of the tracer in octanol:saline mixture was determined (log P; 0.8). The biodistribution of the radiolabeled compound in vital organs of wild-type rats were compared with that of free Ga3+ cation up to 48 h. Initial biodistribution results showed significant kidney excretion of the tracer comparable to that of homologous 99mTc compound.

Restricted access

Abstract  

A method for the separation of no-carrier-added arsenic radionuclides from the bulk amount of proton-irradiated GeO2 targets as well as from coproduced radiogallium was developed. The radionuclides 69Ge and 67Ga produced during irradiation of GeO2 were used as tracers for Ge and Ga in the experiments. After dissolution of the target the ratio of As(III) to As(V) was determined via thin layer chromatography (TLC). The extraction of radioarsenic by different organic solvents from acid solutions containing alkali iodide was studied and optimized. The influence of the concentration of various acids (HCl, HClO4, HNO3, HBr, H2SO4) as well as of KI was studied using cyclohexane. The optimum separation of radioarsenic was achieved using cyclohexane with 4.75 M HCl and 0.5 M KI and its back-extraction with a 0.1% H2O2 solution. The separation leads to high purity radioarsenic containing no radiogallium and <0.001% [69Ge]Ge. The overall radiochemical yield is 93 ± 3%. The practical application of the optimized procedure in the production of 71As and 72As is demonstrated and batch yields achieved were in the range of 75–84% of the theoretical values.

Restricted access