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Augustus in der Hirtenwelt

Die Darstellung des idealen Herrschers in der neulateinischen Bukolik

Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Lajos Zoltán Simon

In the early modern age, pastoral poetry became a current genre of the praise of rulers, kings and emperors. In spite of its overwhelming richness and contemporaneous importance, this branch of the bucolic genre has received relatively little attention from researchers. Even in comprehensive works on the history of the genre, one often finds hasty remarks, e.g. that these panegyric poems were foremost influenced by Vergil’s Eclogue 4.

The present paper offers a short overview of the immense diversity of the genre, paying great attention not only to Vergil, but also to the decisive influence of Calpurnius Siculus, Sannazaro and Baptista Mantuanus, as well as to the techniques of the Kreuzung der Gattungen, mainly to the interaction between pastoral and epic poetry. The analysis shows that, in spite of the huge variety of forms and the large distances in time and space, the image of the ideal emperor is surprisingly constant, and that the picture of the mythical Golden Age is almost completely drawn with the motives of the idealized reign of Augustus taken from epic poetry.

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A reneszánsz-humanizmus egyik sajátos, a többi reneszánsz mozgalomtól megkülönböztető jegye a görög kultúra újjászületése. Ebben döntő szerepet játszottak a görög klasszikusok új latin nyelvű fordításai, melyek jellegét az egész korszakra előre meghatározta Leonardo Bruni programadó tevékenysége. Jelen tanulmány ezen újraélesztésnek elemzi mind a metódusát („hogyan?”), mind a motivációját („miért és mit?”). A dolgozat először a Bruni által kidolgozott modern fordítói módszert értelmezi, mely a szöveg lényegét a benne megnyilvánuló értelemben látta, aztán a korabeli szellemi irányzatok tükrében mutatja be a módszer történeti-filológiai hátterét, illetve összetett nyelvi szempontrendszerét; majd föltárja azokat az irodalmi és aktuális jellegű indítékokat, netán személyes momentumokat, melyek alapján az egyes görög szerzőket és műveket fordításra kiválasztották és célzatos rendbe állították.

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In the previous research, two periods were distinguished in the history of the intellectual connections between the Low Countries and Hungary in the early modern age. The first period, terminating at the beginning of the 17th century, was characterized with the impact of Renaissance Humanism, while in the second one, lasting from the 1620s to the end of the century, Cartesian philosophy and Puritan theology were mentioned among the effects reaching Hungary. This paper deals with the traces of the intellectual and literary history of Hungary and Transylvania that can be connected to the extensive philological scholarship practiced at the universities of the Netherlands. The Hungarian crowd of students invading the university of Leiden from the end of the 1610s — the university which was in the contemporary frontline of philological reflection and was also exceptional in the field of philological practice — faced the consequences of philological conceptions, especially of those permeated from Latin Humanism into the field of theology either gaining validity there or provoking intense discussion. This way, the effect of the Dutch Humanism did not decrease in this second period but — on the contrary — it just reached the zenith of its expansion and significance, being synthesized in a broader education programme.

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Neapolitan Cardinal in Early Renaissance Hungary •

The Role of Giovanni D’aragona (1456–1485) in the Art Patronage of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary

Acta Historiae Artium Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Péter Farbaky

, Csaba : The Corvinian Library. His-tory and Stock , Budapest , akadémiai Kiadó , 1973 . (studia Humanitatis vol. 1.) D’amico , John F .: Renaissance Humanism in Papal Rome. Humanists and Churchmen on the Eve of the Reformation , Baltimore and

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–1554. Digitale Ausgabe: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, Cod. icon. 190. 136. Seznec 1995 – Seznec , Jean : The Survival of the Pagan Gods: The mythological tradition and its place in Renaissance humanism and art

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) . Hendrickson , T. ( 2017 ). Ancient libraries and renaissance humanism: The De bibliothecis of Justus Lipsius . Brill’s studies in intellectual history 265. Brill’s texts and sources

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, Northern Italian universities were the centre of European jurisprudence, then scholars in France and later in the Netherlands took over during the period of Renaissance humanism, giving shape to new intellectual currents. 56

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