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The office for the feast of the Dedicatio Ecclesiæ was used and transmitted mainly in the same form in the great majority of medieval liturgical codices. Within this general uniformity, however, the arrangement of the antiphons for the first Vespers varies from tradition to tradition. The present article examines the repertory of the Dedicatio in medieval Hungarian manuscripts, comparing it to the offices found both in other Middle European and in West Frankish sources. This comparative analysis made clear, that although the vesper antiphons in question were already included in the Codex Albensis (the earliest extant office manuscript from 12th-century Hungary) and can be found in almost all manuscripts from the medieval Hungarian archdiocese of Esztergom (Strigonium), they were rarely used in other Central European areas. These items may originate from the Rhineland, from within the region of Liège (Lüttich), what is confirmed by their occurrence in a 14th-century antiphoner from Aachen and in the Breviarium Præmonstratense. Furthermore, the five antiphons were probably not composed as a coherent sequence of chants. Although occasionally we come accross the individual pieces in sources of different time and place, their organization into cycles may be the result of later and secondary local initiations. The cycle might have been transferred to Hungary during the 11th century where it remained unchanged until the end of the Middle Ages.

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Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) is known to be well suited for provenance determinations of ceramics, since more than 25 minor and trace elements can be measured with precisions high enough to discriminate between different pottery production workshops. INAA-data are presented for more than 1500 shards, mostly wasters, produced in different places such as Brüggen/Elmpt, Brunssum/Schinveld, Frechen/Cologne, Höhr-Grenzhausen, Mayen, Paffrath, Pingsdorf/Brühl, Raeren and Siegburg, to name only the most important earthen and stoneware production centres of the Rhine area in medieval and post medieval times. It turned out, that the wares of these different centres, although by archaeological criteria often very similar, can be clearly recognized by INAA. This large reference databank can now be used to determine export pieces from these centres and to trace trade relations in the Middle Ages. An example of a provenance determination of questionable finds of Pingsdorf and Paffrath Ware from Emden is given.

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For vinegrowers, particularly those in Transdanubia, Upper Hungary and Transylvania, St Donatus, martyr bishop of Arezzo, is a popular patron saint. Devotion to the saint began in earnest in Germany during the baroque period. When his relics were taken from Rome and Münster in the Rhineland an accompanying priest was struck by lightning only to survive unscathed. It was a miracle that was explained by the divine intervention of St Donatus. Devotion to the saint consequently spread rapidly in the Rhine wine region. Since the 18th century processions have also been held and supplications made to the saint in Austria and Hungary on his feast day (August 7th) to ward off natural disasters, lightning and hail. The feast day of St Donatus is celebrated on two different days: August 7th in Székesfehérvár and Csókakő and July 14th in Budafok, with Eger celebrating on the second Sunday in July. The explanation lies in the Roman martyrology, where August 7th marks the martyrdom Donatus shared with the monk Hilarinus, while July 16th was the date their bodies were taken to Ostia. It is account of their joint martyrdom that St Donatus’s death is also commemorated on this day.

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Birzele B. — Meier A. — Hindorf H. — Krämer J. — Dehne H.-W.: 2002. Epidemiology of Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol content in winter wheat in the Rhineland, Germany — European Journal of Plant

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corn borer ( Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn.) in southern Rhineland — Results of the infestation assessment 2002 and 2003. J. Plant Dis. Prot. 112 (2):200–203. Rothmeier I. Dispersal

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federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz), Germany, who voluntarily participated in an online survey. The recruitment process for the university employees involved sending e-mails to all staff at Trier University and Trier

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independent representative samples of adolescents from two federal states of Germany (sample 1: Rhineland-Palatinate; sample 2: North Rhine-Westphalia) were recruited. The research projects were funded by the Ministry of Social Affairs, Labour, Health, and

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the medallion the inscription ABRAHAN can be read. Two pieces of such a picture were also found in the Rhineland, 49 and it can be seen on the casket from Császár as well 50 The known depictions were made on different dies. 8. Obverse of the middle

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19 , 155 – 159 . Ginsburg , M. 1941 : Hunting Scenes on Roman Glass in the Rhineland . University of Nebraska studies 41/2. Studies in the humanities 1 . Lincoln : The University . Guštin , M. 2019 : The belt-buckle with Bacchus from

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