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Community Ecology
Authors: M. Marignani, C. Ricotta, F. Rossi, A. Pavesi, and G.C. Avena

.B. 1998. Space, scale and description. In: N.C. Kenkel and J. Podani (eds.), Scale, Pattern, Fractals and Diversity. Scientia Publishing, Budapest, pp. 67-80. Space, scale and description

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super Clausius-Clapeyron scaling of intense rainstorm properties with air temperature , Hydrology and Earth System Sciences , Vol. 19 , No. 4 , 2015 , pp. 4 – 1766 . [7

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Alpha, beta, and gamma diversity are three fundamental biodiversity components in ecology, but most studies focus only on the scale issues of the alpha or gamma diversity component. The beta diversity component, which incorporates both alpha and gamma diversity components, is ideal for studying scale issues of diversity. We explore the scale dependency of beta diversity and scale relationship, both theoretically as well as by application to actual data sets. Our results showed that a power law exists for beta diversity-area (spatial grain or spatial extent) relationships, and that the parameters of the power law are dependent on the grain and extent for which the data are defined. Coarse grain size generates a steeper slope (scaling exponent z) with lower values of intercept (c), while a larger extent results in a reverse trend in both parameters. We also found that, for a given grain (with varying extent) or a given extent (with varying grain) the two parameters are themselves related by power laws. These findings are important because they are the first to simultaneously relate the various components of scale and diversity in a unified manner.

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. , Kohnová S. , Hlavčová K. Analysis of future changes in the trends and scaling coefficients for short-term rainfall in southwestern Slovakia , Pollack Periodica , Vol. 13 , No. 3 , 2018 , pp. 163 – 174 . [10

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. Fire and Plants. Chapman and Hall, London. Fire and Plants. Brown, J.H. and G.B. West (eds.). 2000. Scaling in Biology. Oxford Univ

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of scale insect biology and systematics. Database. doi: 10.1093/database/ bav118. http://scalenet.info [accessed on 2/11/2017]. Green , E. E. ( 1889 ): Descriptions of two new species of Lecanium from Ceylon . Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine

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Community Ecology
Authors: T. Romanuk, B. Beisner, A. Hayward, L. Jackson, J. Post, and E. McCauley

: large-scale patterns in physiological traits and their ecological implications. Funct. Ecol. 18: 159–167. Robinson D. Macrophysiology: large-scale patterns in physiological traits

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Abdallah, S. A., Al Jboory, I. S., Ali, A. S. and Yousif, E. T. (2001): Susceptibility of wheat varieties to infestation with the soft scale insect Exaeretopus tritici (Williams) (Coccidae:Homoptera) and its

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Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D. R. and Gibson, G. A. P. (2009): ScaleNet: a database of the scale insects of the world. Available from http://www.sel.barc.usda.gov/scalenet/scalenet.htm (accessed September 2009) Ben

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fractal sets of reals and integers , Proc. London Math. Soc. , 64 95 – 124 ( 1992 ). [3] Ben Arous , G. and Černý , J. , Scaling limit

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