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In the article the manuscript of the first Arabic prose work is being investigated. The author comes to the conclusion that it was written originally in Greek by somebody who was attached to one of the rhetoric schools in Syria. The Greek work contains the alleged correspondence between Aristotle and Alexander the Great. The Greek version of the novel in letters must be dated back to the sixth century A.D., thus the work is one of the last documents of the classical Greek literature. Through this novel one can get a better insight into the activity of the schools of rhetoric in the late Antiquity and the question of Pseudo-Aristotle's treatises.

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The Aristotelian tradition knows the dichotomy of his works into exoteric and esoteric groups. The interpretation of the two terms, however, changed in the course of time. According to the later, perhaps Hellenistic interpretation of the terms, the group of “exoteric” works included all the works which have been written in schools of rhetoric, and later ascribed to Aristotle. The well-known treatise De mundo should not be considered as a genuin work of school-philosophy, because it belongs to Pseudo-Aristotle’s works written in a school of rhetoric and ranged amond his “exoteric” works.

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A kutatást régóta foglalkoztatja a tévesen Aristotelésnek tulajdonított De mundo szerzősége. A cikk amellett érvel, hogy téves kiindulópont az anonim szerzőt valamelyik filozófiai iskolában keresni, mivel a mű csakis egy rétoriskolában jöhetett létre. Nem filozófiai, hanem retorikai mű. A későbbi korokból ismert nézet, miszerint Aristotelés írt ezoterikus és exoterikus műveket, a rétoriskolai hagyomány fényében átértelmezendő: a későbbi hagyományban exoterikus műveknek tartott könyvek a retorikai hagyományban keletkeztek, de az utókor Aristotelésnek tulajdonította őket. Ilyen művek a De mundo, a Secreta secretorum stb.

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