Since Vassily V. Nalimov coined the Russian term ‘scientometrics’ (‘naukometriya’) (Nalimov and Mulchenko 1969 ), the term has grown to define research in quantitative aspects of science and technology. The term
Garfield first proposed the concept over 50 years ago (Garfield 1955 ), he did not realise that impact factors would one day become the subject of such widespread controversy (Garfield 1999 ). As the current special issue of Scientometrics suggests
Citation analysis as a mature quantitative research method in bibliometrics and scientometrics has been applied to many disciplines at home and abroad, especially in describing evolution of disciplines, evaluating
an identifiable endeavour of research internationally.
In this effort we use scientometric techniques in order to identify the status of HIV/AIDS research in South Africa and the world. These assessments are increasingly taken as the basis for
outputs is a less often phenomenon in the open literature.
Among the latter investigations recent examples include the following: Bouabid et al. ( 2010 ) investigated using scientometric indicators (publications and patents) the impact of the
This article reports the results of a scientometric assessment of the Southern Africa Development Community countries. The
National Science Indicators database of Thomson-Reuters and the online ISI Web of Knowledge are utilized in order to identify
the number of publications of the 15 countries over a period of 15 years; the activity and relative impact indicators of 22
scientific disciplines for each country and their collaborative patterns. It is identified that South Africa with 19% of the
population in the region is responsible for 60% of the regional GDP and 79% of the regions publications. All countries tend
to have the same focus in their disciplinary priorities and underemphasize disciplines such as engineering, materials science
and molecular biology. It is expressed concern that the current research infrastructures are inadequate to assist in reaching
the objectives developed in the Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan of the Community.
Advanced scientometric tools are moving from the realm of the privileged few with access to mainframe and minicomputers to
the desktop of researchers equipped with personal computers. This shift is not only due to the decreasing cost and technological
advances in PCs but the ready availability of a powerful multitasking operating system, a versatile text processing language
and easy access to the Internet. Furthermore, the latest releases of PC software, such as Microsoft Excel, make it possible
to develop graphical user interfaces into complex bibliometric data for a wide spectrum of researchers and policy analysts.
Recent developments in digital communication, in particular, tools to access the Internet via the World Wide Web will provide
even greater flexibility to those researchers wishing to make their scientometric data available to a diverse international
audience. This paper examines how the BESST project developed a Desktop Scientometric environment using public domain, hardware
independent software, prototyped a graphical user interface to provide easy access to UK sectoral level bibliometric data
and gives a glimpse into future developments.
Authors:Jun Yuan, Wei Yue, Cheng Su, Zheng Wu, Zheng Ma, Yun Pan, Nan Ma, Zhi Hu, Fei Shi, Zheng Yu, and Yi Wu
This research intends to investigate the patent activity on water pollution and treatment in China (1985–2007), and then compares
the results with patents data about Triadic patents, South Korea, Brazil and India over the same periods, patents data were
collected from Derwent World Patents Index between 1985 and May 2008. For this study, 169,312 patents were chosen and examined.
Total volume of patents, technology focus, assignee sector, priority date and the comparison with other countries are analyzed.
It is found that patents on water pollution and treatment filed at China have experienced a remarkable increase and the increase
rate of patents filed at China change simultaneous with the percentage of domestic applications. However, the number of high
quality Triadic patents with priority country as China remains small. Furthermore, in addition to individual patent assignees,
both Chinese universities and enterprises also play important roles in patent activity of water pollution and treatment. In
addition, the pattern of South Korea’s development can provide short-term implications for China and the regularity in Triadic
patents’ development can provide some guidance to China’s long-term development. In contrast, the development pattern of Brazil
and India is less influential to China’s development. Furthermore, China’s technology focuses on water pollution and treatment
seem to parallel global and triadic patent trends. This research provides a comprehensive picture of China’s innovation capability
in the area of water pollution and treatment. It will help China’s local governments to improve their regional S&T capability
and will provide support the National Water Pollution Control and Treatment Project in China.