The paper deals about significant projects of large scale mapping at the beginning of 19th century in the Habsburg Empire. They have been already based on uniform geodetic horizontal control. Basic parameters and features of Second Military Survey in the territory of the Czech Lands as well as links with project of Stable cadastre are delineated. Technology of establishing the horizontal control (1st order trigonometric networks) is described in detail. Qualitative parameters of geodetically measured data and the survey documentation are analysed. Accuracy analysis of angular measurements and methodology of co-ordinate computations in the Gusterberg coordinate system are also discussed.By means of identical points the horizontal control enables unambiguous transformation from the Gusterberg and St. Stephen co-ordinate systems into the national co-ordinate system (JTSK) or WGS 84 with the accuracy higher than graphical accuracy of original maps. This transformation, published here as the global transformation key (GTK), is of great importance. The results of tests of GTKs compiled separately for Bohemia and Moravia+Silesia together with the analysis of contact zone of both above mentioned historical co-ordinate systems are introduced.As an example of GTK application georeferenced map sheets from Second Military Survey are presented. GTKs are of fundamental importance in unification of heterogeneous geodetic information files of cadastre of real estates in the Czech Republic.
In the paper the overview of the content and methodological background of the recently published and currently prepared volumes of Ethnological atlas of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia is given. The main aim of the paper is to show, how written sources from the early modern period could help with the preparation of ethnological maps in the country, where field research of the folk culture hardly can be done at present. Secondly the very successful application of GIS (geographic information system) in the ethnological research is stressed. The very best example of fruitful utilization of both the mentioned aspects is the 5th volume of the Ethnological atlas of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, which deals with spatial differentiation of the Jewish settlements and professions in Bohemia.1
Authors:J. Ziętek, J. Karczewski, and S. Tomecka-Suchoń
Using a RAMAC-GPR with a 200 MHz antenna, we obtained radargrams in an old coal-mining district of Upper Silesia (Poland), where exploitation holes represent a danger of collapse for existing structures. Despite some drawbacks, GPR methods seem to be the best technique for mapping and monitoring these holes, which may reach the surface after some time. In the first part of this paper, we show actual field measurements for a typical case, and in the second part we present preliminary theoretical investigations. We construct 2D synthetic radargrams based on the information we obtained from available geological data and the interpretation of the real radargrams. Thus, we formulate suggestions on how to optimize the methodology of locating sinkholes by the GPR technique, and give some clues concerning the theoretical interpretation of GPR data in this particular case.
The overview study summarises in an updated context the findings of a long-term research into sepulchral sculpture in Moravia and Czech Silesia, which dealt primarily with whole-figure sepulchral monuments, ranging from examples dependent on fading Central European late Gothic tradition, through examples gradually influenced by early Renaissance italianising elements up to such forms that were marked by Italian and Nordic Mannerism. Based on a comprehensive regional and broader Central European style-critical comparison, applying the criteria of contemporary artistic influences, individual creative approach, craftsmanship routine and other indicia important for a work to be done, the study presents the efforts to incorporate works into circles given by a specific author or workshops, or to highlight the provenience ties of solitary works.
The study shows that despite the enormous loss of sepulchral monuments that have occurred in the past, Moravia and Czech Silesia excel in its numerous production of figural tombstones, which demonstrate the ability of the monitored area to accept and operate with new humanist and representative content, and by the existence of which the local sepulchral sculpture reached specific expression. In addition to eschatological significance and private memorial function, the sepulchral monuments of nobility served also as a family policy, whereby the privileged strata confirmed the old tradition; which contained a personal, genealogical, confessional and political reminder.
Despite the selective character of the study, the processed material brings findings that can contribute to deeper understanding of the overall picture of sepulchral tomb sculpture of the monitored area as well as to its evaluation in the national and European context.
remarks on the settlement of the Funnel Beaker culture population in the South-Western Upper Silesia). APolski 15 (1970) 7–34.
Uwagi o osadnictwie ludności kultury pucharów lejkowatych w południowo
Upper Carboniferous pebbles are known from Miocene conglomerates (Szászvár Formation) in the Mecsek Mts. Some pebbles may contain floral elements. Fine-grained siltstone is the most common fossiliferous rock. There are known leaf and stem fragments and some silicified wood-trunk fragments. These floral elements show Namurian to late Westphalian ages, but primarily the Westphalian B and C. The floral elements could be related to the Polish Carboniferous flora, particularly that of Silesia.
Authors:E. Chruściel, P. Jodłowski, S. Kalita, J. Pieczonka, and A. Piestrzyński
In the Lower Silesia region, in the vicinity of Kletno town (near Kodzko), there are remainders of uranium ores being mined there, such as dump sites, abandoned pits and the like. Extensive research has indicated an increase in radioactivity there. The present research was aimed at defining the radioactive contamination in the neighborhood of Kletno. The research involved gauging the radiation background, especially at the mine dumps and measuring the concentration of natural radioactive isotopes and Cs in the rocks and soil. Besides, the concentration of radium isotopes in waters was determined. Two spots only were found with higher radiation levels. A method for dealing with radiation hazards is proposed. Water analyses have indicated that flushing of radium isotopes from the rock-mass and the dumps is not significant. Therefore, it can be concluded that uranium ore mining in the region of Kletno has not caused any significant radioactive contamination.
Authors:Krystyna Tyrpień-Golder, Cezary Dobosz, Aleksandra Damasiewicz-Bodzek, Beata Łabuz-Roszak, and Krystyna Pierzchała
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a serious, one of the most common disorders of the nervous system and is still uncharted course and etiology. Modern medicine characterized MS as a disease of multifactorial, complex pathogenesis. The studies were designed to test some new dependencies and determine exposure to selected environmental factors, including passive and active smoking using separation techniques in biological materials sampled noninvasively. The aim of this research was to determine by high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) with densito metry major nicotine metabolites in urine samples taken from people with multiple sclerosis in earlier described conditions, but using new version of sandwich chamber, allowing to achieve better separation results. Urine samples (28) were collected noninvasively from patients with multiple sclerosis living in the region of Upper Silesia, Poland. The control samples (21) came from healthy people — family and friends of people with MS. Including active and passive smoking, 42.86% of the respondents were exposed to ingredients of tobacco smoke. The concentration of cotinine in the urine samples analyzed by HPTLC-densitometry ranged from 16.1 ng mL−1 to 453.15 ng mL−1, while the concentration of trans-3′-hydroxycotinine was relatively higher, 25.5–1011 ng mL−1. There were no significant changes in the excretion of the main nicotine metabolites concentrations in both tested group, but the average concentration of trans-3′-hydroxycotinine determined in urine was higher in the urine of MS smokers and various profiles of urinary main nicotine metabolites were observed.