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texts of the charms step by step, I will point out some items that imply the unspoken – but still present – level of images and beliefs taken from the noncharming narrative corpus and activated during the performance of “saying” the charm. THE TABLE IN

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Template syntheses of mesoporous silicas have been carried out inside large pores of inorganic matrix. Portions of tetraethoxysilane and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide micellar solution were incorporated step-by-step inside pore volume of silica gel with large pore size. Synthesized materials were characterized using thermal analysis, adsorption-desorption of nitrogen and X-ray diffraction scattering.

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Imre Kertész's current role in the German debate about the Holocaust is contrasted to the reception of Daniel Jonah Goldhagen, the influence of György Lukács, and the prominence of Martin Walser. Kertész's popularity in Germany dovetailed with that of Goldhagen, but whereas the latter's impact was fleeting, Kertész has become a guardian of Holocaust memory in Germany. While Goldhagen repudiated past German culture, Kertész is both a survivor of the Holocaust and champion of a lost Central European Jewish-German culture, in the tradition of Wagner, Nietzsche, and Thomas Mann. In this capacity he serves as an anti-Lukács, reviving or rather honoring a lost cosmopolitan tradition. Both Kertész and Walser capture the adolescent confusion, but the message and cosequences of Kertész's camp experiences of 1944 and 1945 and Martin Walser's autobiographical account of the same years in the Hitler Jugend are starkly different. In the present German dialogue on the Holocaust, Kertész's language of homelessness acts as an antedote to Walser's cult of the Heimat.

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The article offers a general overview of risk assessment in the environmental and Earth sciences. To begin with natural and man-made hazards are discussed, followed by general definitions and the treatment of uncertainty and risk. The main steps of risk assessment in the Earth sciences are discussed step by step. Finally, the problems of decision-making are briefly treated. To assist the interested reader a comprehensive list of essential references is also presented.

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Many of the Urartian inscriptions contain references to the ritual praxis of the Urartians. These inscriptions deal with the foundation of cities, fortresses or agricultural projects. According to the texts, many ritual activities had been prescribed step by step, when a part of an establishment was finished. Many of them refer to the yearly agricultural activities or the calendar, e.g. the budding or harvesting. There are phrases in these ritual contexts furthermore, which are opposed to each other, e.g. “deserted”, “inhabited” or “enemy”, “own”. The study compares the ritual processes that are attached to the meaning of different ritual transitions and binary opposites.

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The thermal dissociation processes of clathrates [CuPy4(NO3)2]·2G (G=tetrahydrofuran, chloroform) were studied. Thermodynamic parameters ( H AV 0, S 298 0 and G 298 0) of the processes, producing solid host complex [CuPy4(NO3)2] and gaseous guest (G), were determined from the strain measurements. These data are compared with previous data for clathrates of the host complex with benzene and pyridine. Quasi-equilibrium thermogravimetry was used to investigate the step-by-step character of the dissociation processes. Kinetic studies were carried out for clathrate [CuPy4(NO3)2]·2THF.

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One of the crucial points in the history of the Ukrainian language (especially in Galicia) is the second half of the nineteenth century. While until the 1860s a conservative group has been dominant in the Galician-Ukrainian society, from this time on the so-called Narodovtsi emerged and step by step took over the leading position. Referring to the works of the Rus’ka Trijcja, Fedor Zarevyč, Volodymyr Šaškevyč and Ksenofont Klymkovyč tried to popularize a literary language on the basis of the spoken idioms. Beyond that, and here lies the main point of their work, they tried to unify the different parts of the Ukrainian territories, not only through literature, but as well as through a new concept of language, that clearly favoured Eastern Ukrainian dialects. Compared to many of his successors, Klymkovyč avoided most of the characteristic West-Ukrainian language features.

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In a recent paper, Mathew et al. detailed, for a specific titration-based assay of uranium, a “step-by-step approach to calculate the GUM uncertainty of the measurand”, in which their uncertainty assessment was based solely on prior knowledge, ignoring the manifest variability in their replication data. A simple analysis of the variance from their data reveals that the uncertainty in the average of the replicated quantity (TEF) was at least 3.5 times their estimate. Since the observables that contribute most to the final uncertainty in their method were not replicated, it is unknown whether the estimates for the uncertainties of those quantities, and thus of the output quantity, were also underestimated. This comment demonstrates how a better uncertainty evaluation is possible by extracting as much knowledge as possible from the extant data.

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In the traditional architecture a foundation stone has the ideal shape of a cube. This form stands for the thought of internal firmness - where something can be founded and built on. Yet, if one looks more thoroughly, the stone which seemed to be simple and solid, appears to be an unusual complex historical product: historical and sociological syntheses - partly contradictionary - hide themselves behind the compact appearance of the stone. Diverse societal rituals are connected with the laying of the foundation stone. Furthermore, these rituals are shaped by temporal and regional changes. Finally, the form of the foundation stone is mutable. Only step by step it had developed into the classic cube. Later on, it has transformed into modified forms. In any case, the foundation stone and its rituals are not as simple as it seems at first glance. This article deals with this extraordinary wealth of historical relationships.

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