Sustainabledevelopment has definitely entered the lexicon of scientists, politicians and even citizens. The World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) coined back in 1987 the most common definition of
Authors:Noémi Friedman, György Farkas and Adnan Ibrahimbegovic
This paper focuses on scissor like deployable/retractable structures that can be used for civil engineering and architectural applications. A general outline of deployable structures is given through the principals of different succeeded examples, namely manually locking deployable structures stabilized by cables, self-locking deployable systems and adaptive structures like retractable domes. Undergoing research tends and the perspectives of these structures will be discussed with a special emphasis on potential qualities favoring sustainable development. This novel aspect envisages a future adaptive and dynamic architecture that enables a reduced level of energy consumption, ameliorated occupant comfort and better optimization of space use.
Visegrád, with its 1800 inhabitants, is considered to be the smallest town of Hungary. The development of the town center is a fine example for how the original exaggerating ideas were altered due to the economic crisis - besides its negative effects - and facilitated the birth of a sustainable development, satisfying the continuous needs of the local community and the temporary demands of tourism.
Nowadays globalization and sustainable development are interconnected economic factors having positive and negative effects on various aspects of human rights. Although the internationalization of human rights and the birth of their so-called third generation can be attributed to globalization, it has increased disparities regardless of anti-discrimination principles of human rights. There is a minimum level of economic development and resources essential for providing full-scale human rights coverage, for this reason both IMF and World Bank has on several occasions been charged with prescribing structural reform projects and shock therapy measures on state budgets, that significantly deteriorated the conditions in the population’s economic and social rights. The active participation in the global problem’s solution is also an important element of the UN Secretary General’s strategy which aims at turning the UN into an international organization that does not watch mass scale human rights abuses silently, is able and willing to act to promote development, security and human dignity in order to achieve global freedom. Not only the active role of the international organizations, but also the decision-making process closer to the levels accessible to people must also be reinforced to improve the human rights dimension of sustainable development.
Authors:Anna Vári, Zoltán Ferencz, Mária Csikai and Brigitta Bozsó
Az MTA Szociológiai Kutatóintézet (MTA SZKI) és az Energia Klub Környezetvédelmi Egyesület (EK) 2009. januártól részt vesz az EU 7 Keretprogramja által finanszírozott Civil Társadalom a Fenntarthatóságért (Civil Society for Sustainability, CSS) című kutatási projektjében. A nemzetközi akciókutatási1 projekt érdekessége, hogy kutatócsoportok és civilszervezetek intenzív együttműködésén alapul. Cikkünkben röviden bemutatjuk a projektet, és beszámolunk az első fázis eredményeiről (EU-FP7 Project CSS, 2009).
Authors:M. Kizekova, E. Feoli, G. Parente and R. Kanianska
The 2013 reform of the European Common Agricultural Policy tries to support farmers willing to follow environment- friendly rural practices, by the so called “green payment”. Within this framework, it is suggested that governments and regions should maintain a certain ratio of the area of permanent grasslands to the total Utilized Agricultural Area according to the greening rules of the reform. However, the weak economic performance of permanent grasslands does not encourage farmers to invest into their conservation. This fact persuaded us to revisit our old unpublished data, obtained by experiments on the use of chemical fertilizers in permanent grasslands. By this reanalysis we hope to further support the new European policy with the perspective to find a trade-off between the conservation of the biodiversity and the economic productivity of permanent grasslands. Of the many possibilities we have chosen to present the results of two experiments, one in Italy and the other in Slovakia. The main reason for this choice was that these two studies followed complementary strategies of fertilization that appeared useful to detect both the single and the synergistic effects of N, P, and K on the relationships between yield and species diversity. The results of cluster and diversity analysis suggest that chemical fertilization should be carefully planned according to soil conditions, since different treatments may have the same effect on the floristic and vegetation patterns of grasslands. These results, according to similarity theory, allow to choose the least expensive and polluting combination of N, P and K from those that, according to the species combinations, are assigned to the same cluster.