Cities are responsible for about 30% of the energy consumed worldwide. Since 2007 more than 50% of the world population lives in cities, and urbanization is still growing. The energy-efficiency of cities is gaining greater importance today. The paper examines the possibilities of energy consumption reduction and optimization in cities. Various urban and architectural tools are described below that affect indirectly and directly the energy balance of cities. The possible ways of using renewable energy sources in cities have been analyzed. Ways and means of their use is analyzed in on-site, nearby and off-site systems.
to figure out the biophilic and sustainable components. Thus, an extensive literature review on the biophilic concept and its design elements, and the sustainablecity was done to identify biophilic and sustainable urbanism components. Then content
The issue of urban development requires strategic thinking. It includes self-sustainable mechanisms, strengthening self-organization and financing of the cities, collectively. Nowadays cities face challenges in all three domains that necessitate strategic thinking on the local, national and EU levels alike.
This strategic thinking has to answer the questions concerning how is it possible for a city to implement developments that might have-long term and sustainable results for the inhabitants. What is the underlying logic to define, plan, implement and sustain city policy objectives? The search for the answer provides multiple evaluation methods. One of these logical frameworks is measuring the success of cities in the context of development/s related to a specific event.
The success of cities is researched and measured with numerous tools and methods. Analyses in this field are becoming more common, not only on a yearly basis but even more often.
The City Success Index — interpreted and presented in the current study — puts larger emphasis on involving and evaluating the so-called human factors, meanwhile creates a logical frame, which - due to the portfolio-analysis method’s flexibility — is more ‘customizable’ for a city that would like to organize a world-class or international events with strong impact, and reveals the possible opportunities and threats. The methodology is able to contribute to strategy planning or for the evaluation of the event. The applied economic model as the frame of research in the approach is new, while the utilization of the result-zone developing might offer help in decision processes of several other public policy domains.
The study was written within the VEGA 2/0024/14 grant entitled Civic Activities as a Determining Factor for the SustainableCity Development.
B üchler , Robert Jehošua 1998 : Znovuoživenie židovskej komunity na
: Bicycling Towards a More SustainableCity’ (Dissertation for Clark University, Manuscript).
Blomley, N. (2001) ‘Introduction’, in N. Blomley, D. Delaney and R. T. Ford (eds) The Legal Geographies Reader (Oxford
Authors:Katalin Lőrincz, Éva Kruppa-Jakab, Renáta Szabó, and János Csapó
towards urban sustainablecities.
During the primary research, in spring 2019, structured interviews were made with the six major theme specialists of Veszprém on Hungary in Bloom and EFE, and with the national coordinator involved in the jury
problems related to the lack of ecological design aspects and to environmental consciousness. Based on the social orientations and development design innovation, energy conservation, and economic enhancing, eco-design improves promotion of sustainablecity