Fischer, M., J. Stöcklin, A. Weyand and K. Maurer. 2004. Cultural and biological diversity of grasslands in the Swiss Alps. Grassland Sciences in Europe. In Press
Cultural and biological diversity of grasslands
Authors:Simon Marmet, Joseph Studer, Matthias Wicki, Nicolas Bertholet, Yasser Khazaal and Gerhard Gmel
Addictive disorders, including behavioral addictions (BAs) and substance use disorders (SUDs), are widespread among young Swiss men ( Gmel et al., 2015 ; Marmet, Studer, Rougemont-Bücking, & Gmel, 2018 ). Although
This study deals with the notion of public policy (ordre public) in Swiss international arbitration. The paper analyzes the relevant paragraphs of IPRG, the Swiss Act on Private International Law. Based on legal authorities one can read about the distinction between procedural and substantive public policy in Swiss law. The paper describes several cases, in which the awards of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (Tribunal Arbitral du Sport) were challenged at the Federal Tribunal of Switzerland based on the alleged breach of public policy. The author discusses the question whether there can be a supra-national, universal interpretation of the notion of public policy in Swiss law, which is based on the fundamental legal and moral values of the civilized nations.
Authors:Michelle Dey, Joseph Studer, Michael Patrick Schaub, Gerhard Gmel, David Daniel Ebert, Jenny Yi-Chen Lee and Severin Haug
convenient samples. The study currently being presented aimed to fill these gaps by studying a variety of risk factors in an explorative manner for the different pathways leading to PSU, and by relying on a representative sample of young Swiss men
Authors:T. W. Eschholz, R. Peter, P. Stamp and A. Hund
Genetic variation in the flint maize (Zea mays L. conv. indurata) gene pool has decreased significantly since the introduction of hybrid breeding into Europe in the 1950s, leading to greater genetic vulnerability. Landraces, stored in gene banks, offer a valuable source to broaden the genetic basis again. The objective of this study was the genetic characterization of 166 Swiss landrace accessions originating from 7 Swiss regions (alpine valleys). The material was fingerprinted using a set of ten SSRs (Simple Sequence Repeat Markers). The resulting cladogram showed three main clusters comprising 95, 22 and 49 accessions, respectively. The largest group of accessions, from the Rhine valley of St. Gallen (RT), was present in all three main clusters. However, the majority of RT accessions was found in the first main cluster, together with those from the western neighbouring region (Linthtal) and from the southwestern neighbouring region (Wallis). Those from Tessin (southern Switzerland) were found mainly in one sub-cluster within the third main cluster. This is a very encouraging first step in appraising the genetic differences among accessions from Swiss regions.
Authors:Severin Haug, Raquel Paz Castro, Min Kwon, Andreas Filler, Tobias Kowatsch and Michael P. Schaub
Western countries, in Switzerland, nearly all adolescents aged 12–19 years (98%) own a mobile phone, most of which (97%) are smartphones ( Medienpädagogischer Forschungsverbund Südwest, 2014 ; Willemse et al., 2014 ). While mobile applications offer
Authors:Mária Höhn, L. Hufnagel, Klára Cseke and G. Vendramin
Belokon, M. M., Belokon, Yu. S., Politov, D. V., Altukhov, Yu. P. (2005) Allozyme polymorphism of Swiss stone pine Pinus cembra L. in mountain populations of the Alps and the Eastern Carpathians. Russ. J. Gen. 41 , 1268
Authors:Joseph Studer, Simon Marmet, Matthias Wicki and Gerhard Gmel
on some individuals ( Allen, Kannis-Dymand, & Katsikitis, 2017 ; Cooper, 1998 ; Cooper, Scherer, Boies, & Gordon, 1999 ). This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of CU, the frequency of CU (FCU), and PCU among young Swiss men, and their
Authors:R. Peter, T. W. Eschholz, P. Stamp and M. Liedgens
Due to their good early vigour, Swiss maize landraces have been used extensively to develop the Flint Pool of European hybrid-breeding programmes. However, the basis of good early vigour, especially under cool conditions, has not been elucidated. Of 166 pre-screened Swiss maize landraces, 17 contrasting accessions were tested together with two control accessions, a German landrace and a modern hybrid cultivar with proven good early vigour, at sites in the midlands and the foothills of the Alps in Switzerland. To investigate early vigour, photosynthesis, leaf greenness and plant growth were recorded. Compared to the modern standard hybrid cultivar, northern accessions showed superior early vigour under cold stress in the field for all traits examined in these experiments, whereas these traits were much less pronounced in southern accessions. In particular, some accessions from the Rhine valley seem to be promising sources of early vigour for use in breeding programmes. These findings support the hypothesis that long-term selection resulted in the adaptation of maize landraces to their local environment. Compared to the phylogenetic tree, it is evident that accessions with superior early vigour are related to each other and originated in the Rhine valley.