thermogravimetry analysis (TG) and cone calorimeter (CONE) are employed to evaluate the synergisticeffect and Raman spectra, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS) are used to analyse the burnt residues to investigate the
Authors:Simone Pereira da Silva Ribeiro, Luciana Rocha de Moura Estevão, Csaba Novák, and Regina Sandra Veiga Nascimento
petroleum cracking catalysts have shown a synergisticeffect in intumescent formulations, improving their flame retarding properties [ 3 – 5 ]. Furthermore, a synergisticeffect has been observed between Brazilian sodium clays and an ammonium polyphosphate
The synergistic effect on the extraction of thorium(IV) was found by the combination of 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (Htta) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) or 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (dpp) as a neutral bidentate ligand. Especially in the presence of dpp (1·10–3M) in benzene, the distribution ratio of thorium(IV) increased by a factor of about 300. Such synergistic enhancement of the extraction was ascribed to the formation of the adduct complex of Th(tta)4(phen) and Th(tta)4(dpp) in the organic phase. The extraction constant and the adduct formation constant were determined and discussed.
Some popular neutral extractants (PSO-petroleum sulfoxide, DOSO-di-n-octyl sulfoxide, TBP-tributylphosphate etc.) were chosen
as synergist to study the synergistic effect on the extraction reaction with HBMPPT (4-benzoyl-2,4-dihydro-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-thione)
for U(VI), and the synergistic separation ability of HBMPPT for U(VI) and Th(IV). The synergistic extraction ability shown
by the studied systems for U(VI) is as follows: PSO>DOSO>TBP, and the same sequence was also verified for the separation coefficient
of U(VI) and Th(IV). The synergistic complexes may be presented as: UO2NO3·BMPPT·S and UO2(BMPPT)2·S for U(VI) (S is PSO, DOSO or TBP).
Liquid-liquid extraction of zirconium(IV) was investigated from dilute hydrochloric acid medium by salicyaldoxime (HA) in dichloromethane. The metal was spiked with 95Zr and analyzed by its radioactivity. The effects of different donors, like trioctyl phosphine oxide (TOPO), triphenyl phosphine oxide (TPPO), tributyl phosphine oxide (TBPO), tributyl phosphate (TBP), trioctyl amine (TOA) and Amberlite LA-2 were studied. The adduct formation constants for both binary species (metal-ligand) and ternary species (metal-ligand-donor) were also calculated form the distribution data.
The synergistic effects of zinc oxide (ZnO) with layered double hydroxides (LDH) in ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer/LDH (EVA/LDH)
composites have been studied using thermal analysis (TG), limiting oxygen index (LOI), UL-94 tests, and cone calorimeter test
(CCT). The results from the UL-94 tests show that the ZnO can also act as flame retardant synergistic agents in the EVA/LDH
composites. The CCT data indicated that the addition of ZnO in EVA/LDH system can greatly reduce the heat release rate. The
TG data show that the ZnO can increase the thermal degradation temperature and the charred residues after burning.
Authors:Yuhai Wang, Hao Shen, Gu Li, and Kancheng Mai
improved the Izod impact energy of PP/CaCO 3 nanocomposites due to lowering the particle–polymer interaction. Ma et al. [ 21 ] demonstrated that an obvious synergisticeffect between the grafted PBA and nano-CaCO 3 led to a significant increment in
Authors:S.S. Singh, S. Mishra, R.C. Pradhan, and K. Vivek
. & Parton , R. ( 2011 ): Synergisticeffect of UV, laser and microwave radiation or conventional heating on E. coli and on some spoilage and pathogenic bacteria . Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. , 12 , 129 – 134
Authors:Zuzana Cibulková, Andrea Černá, Peter Šimon, Ján Uhlár, Karol Kosár, and Peter Lehocký
, antioxidants in the mixture exhibit synergisticeffect, for the value of S < 0, the effect is antagonistic and in the case of S = 0 the cooperation is additive. The values of S are listed in Table 5 .
Authors:Shuang Hu, Yuan Hu, Lei Song, and Hongdian Lu
The phenomenon of synergism on thermal degradation was a focus today. Many researchers have investigated the effect of additives on thermal decomposition. Nie et al. [ 1 ] investigated the synergisticeffect of the