This paper presents a thermal comfort study of a popular playground in Szeged, Hungary in order to find its optimal land cover and vegetation options. For this assessment simulated micro- and bioclimatological conditions recorded on a typical summer day (12th July 2011) were analysed. The thermal and radiation features of the study area were quantified by two biometeorological indices, Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) and Mean Radiant Temperature (Tmrt). For the simulation of the meteorological parameters and the bioclimate indices, ENVI-met microclimate model was used. The results confirmed that the modelled areas with different land cover provide a variety of thermal conditions for the visitors; moreover, human thermal sensation was significantly affected by the change of the radiation environment.
microbiological study was carried out at the Albert Szent-Györgyi Clinical Center, a tertiary-care teaching hospital in Szeged, Hungary. The study included S. maltophilia bacterial isolates from blood culture samples, respiratory samples and urine samples and
Authors:Adrienn Tóthpál, Anita Ordas, Edit Hajdú, Szilvia Kardos, Erzsébet Nagy, K. Nagy, and Orsolya Dobay
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important pathogen with significant morbidity and mortality rates worldwide, especially among children <5 years. Healthy carriers are the most important sources of pneumococcal infections, and the nasopharyngeal colonisation is the most prevalent among children attending communities such as day-care centres (DCCs). The conjugate pneumococcal vaccines (PCVs) were shown to have an impact on the colonisation, and so play an important role in inhibiting infections. In this study we compared the nasal carriage of healthy children attending DCCs in Szeged, Hungary in 2003/2004, when nobody was vaccinated, and in 2010, when already 1/5 of the children received PCV-7. Significant differences were observed in the serotype distribution, representing a marked shift from the previously widespread vaccine-types (mostly 6A or 14) to others (11A and 23F). The new serotypes showed higher antibiotic susceptibility. The bacterium exchange between children was clear from the pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns, and the circulation of certain international clones plays also a role in these dynamic changes.
The planned improvements on the Vásárhelyi plan propose the setting up of flood storage areas along the banks of the Hungarian section of the River Tisza. Two main options have been outlined to transform the land-use system of these areas. According to the first option, the present land-use system with a dominant ratio of arable lands would remain and land-users would receive compensation if the land was used for flood control. The second option suggests a change in the structure of land use to establish a system involving regular inundation in these areas. In this case not only extremely high water levels but all floods would be led out onto these flood storage areas. One of the most important conditions for the introduction of this scenario is the flood regime of the River Tisza. This paper analyses the characteristics of this flood regime as it affects the planned flood storage area to be built near Szeged in southern Hungary on an area of approximately 6000 hectares between Baks, Ópusztaszer and Dóc. The statistics predict that the occurrence and duration of the floods could make the regular inundation of this area possible, but the fact that the water often recedes relatively rapidly may necessitate the partial retention of the floods.
The author analyses the existence of a youth subculture, as it appears in two subcultural spheres on the basis of interviews and her experience of fieldwork carried out in a city in Central Europe. Values and experiences which are connected to the underground electromusic actions are discussed, while the places and modes of cultural actions are studied. The subcultural patterns which increasingly influence the youth of the cities reflect an estrangement from the city life. The liminal phases of estrangement recur in the life of the individual, they provide a possibility to gain communal experiences and to establish special subcultural values. These are possible only with the adaptation to the cultural pattern and with the acceptance and usage of subcultural activities.
adolescents (aged between 14 and 19 years; mean age = 16.01 years, SD = 1.18 years; 37% males) from different high schools in Szeged, Hungary, participated in our 2018 study. Ethical approval by an Institutional Review Board was provided by the University of
I would like to thank the organisers of the conference Sapiens ubique civis II (PhD Student Conference in Classical Studies, August 27–30, 2014, Szeged, Hungary) for accepting my paper, and the audience members for their comments.
Authors:Ilona Dóczi, Zoltán Pető, Eleonóra Fodor, László Bereczki, Elisabeth Nagy, and Edit Hajdú
The incidence of Candida species causing bloodstream infections in the University Hospital of Szeged, Hungary, between 1996 and 2009, and the susceptibilities of these isolates to antifungal agents were evaluated.Automated blood culture systems (Vital, bioMérieux, Marcy-l’Etoile, France; and BACTEC 9120, Becton-Dickinson Diagnostic Systems, Sparks, USA) were used. The in vitro susceptibilities of the yeast isolates to antifungal agents were determined by the Etest method (AB Biodisk, Solna, Sweden).Bloodstream infections were caused by yeast strains in 231 cases during this period, and 226 Candida strains were cultured from 216 candidaemia patients. Bloodstream infections caused by multiple Candida spp. were diagnosed almost every year. Of the 216 patients, 67 were children; and 55 infants needed intensive care. In 2005, C. glabrata caused an increase in the incidence of invasive fungal infections in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. The PFGE analysis of 12 isolates distinguished 4 different karyotypes. The incidence of bloodstream infections caused by fungi did not change during the 14-year study period. The most frequent species cultured from blood samples were C. albicans and C. glabrata. The incidence of resistant isolates remained constant. The local trends of fungaemia must be monitored and compared with global reports.