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Abstract  

This article presents the concept of calibrating temperature in thermomechanical analyzers (TMA) using reference standard magnetic materials whose Curie temperatures are well-known. This concept has not been tested experimentally to the best of the author's knowledge. Electrical current applied to a unifilarly wound furnace results in the furnace acting as an electrical inductor. A magnetic material sample located within such a furnace practically constitutes a solenoid core. A modulated temperature program directly results in a corresponding varying force exerted by the sample against the TMA probe, if the probe's axis and the central induced magnetic field line of force are coaxial, and, furthermore, if the direction of the central magnetic field line of force and the expansion direction of the probe are identical. If a sample undergoes a Curie transition, then the force which the sample exerts against the probe will diminish to zero as the transition goes to completion. Using a modulated temperature program throughout this phase transition allows determination of transition completion, by observation of the point at which the force required to maintain the sample's physical position reaches a steady state from it's previously non-steady state.

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Abstract  

The dehydration of samples of a Coober Pedy, South Australian sedimentary white opal, displaying play of colour, was investigated using TMA by heating the samples of the specimen to a range of temperatures between room temperature and 1000 at 200C intervals followed by cooling to room temperature. Etched fracture surfaces of the samples were then examined using SEM. The samples showed the typical expansion at low temperature up to 210C before contraction was observed. The contraction of the opals was ascribed to both sintering, supported by morphological change observed in the SEM micrographs, and dehydroxylation of the silanol groups producing silicon-oxygen-silicon bridges resulting in a more dense silica network.

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Abstract  

Conventional thermogravimetric analysis (TG) uses constant heating rates to determine decomposition rates of a material and compositional analysis. Often, the decomposition steps can not be separated clearly enough due to parallel or consecutive reactions. If the reaction rates and the respective activation energies are enough different the TG resolution can be much enhanced by lowering the heating rate during the decomposition steps. The automated discrete adjustment of the heating rate is controlled by a set of parameters, such as threshold values, waiting times and rate factors. This technique, called MaxRes, allows for faster compositional analysis without loss of resolution. The same technique is also applicable to thermomechanical analysis (TMA) if time/temperature dependent events such as softening are to be separated.

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Abstract  

The thermal behavior of a drawn PET fiber has been investigated by thermomechanical analysis, TMA, and by differential scanning calorimetry, DSC. Above the glass transition temperature of 79°C, the fiber shrinks to a maximum of 8% of the initial length. Temperature modulated TMA enabled the separation of the thermal expansion from the overlapping shrinkage during the first heating and to calculate the expansivity, e and the shrinkage coefficient, s, independent of each other. Young's modulus, E, was measured by TMA with modulation of the tensile stress. Hence, it was possible to record the behavior of e, s and E during the structural changes by combining both modulations in a single measurement.A new technique was developed to calibrate the sample temperature. With this, accurate control of the modulated temperature of the specimen was achieved, independent of the changing heating rate.

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monitoring the sample dimension by means of Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA). The aim of this article is to describe the application of such a method of measurement in the study of crystallization kinetics of Ge 38 S 62 glass that has been previously studied

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min −1 ) in the TMA CX04 equipment (R.M.I. Pardubice, Czech Republic). The thermal stability was studied with the DTA 404 PC (Netzsch) operating in the DSC mode at the heating rate of 10 K min −1 . The measurement was carried out on powdered samples

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thermogravimetry (TG)/derivative thermogravimetry (DTG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermomechanical analyses (TMA). Experimental Acetylated cassava ( Manihot esculenta Crantz ) starch (Scheme 1 ) was kindly provided by

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CTFE content have been characterized by a series of thermal analysis techniques, including Thermogravimetric analysis (TG), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), and Thermal mechanical analysis (TMA). The work

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Abstract  

TMA has been used to investigate the thermomechanical behaviour of six series of elastomers in connection with their chemical constitution and physical structure. The elastomers, were synthesized from an NCO-terminal pre-polymer, based on oligo (ethylene adipate), 1,4-butanediol and 2,4-toluylene diisocyanate, by curing with systems of two agents: a bifunctional one (1,4-butanediol, bistethylene glycol)terephthalate, or monoethanolamine), and a trifunctional one (1,1,1-trimethylolpropane or diethanolamine). The TMA results are presented as due to the superposition of the chemical cross-linking and the physical network, formed through microphase segregation. The TMA suggests that diethanolamine unexpectedly acts as a chain extender, rather than a cross-linking agent.

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