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Summary Polymers have a great interest for the study and design of new materials. Among these materials are epoxy resins, that have good properties, such as low shrinkage during cure, good adhesion, high water and chemical resistance, etc. They have also fast and easy cure in a broad range of temperatures. TTT diagrams are very helpful to design new epoxy materials as they allow the search for very important final properties, such as thermal stability, conversion or glass transition temperature of a material cured through a selected curing cycle. In this work the dependence of the thermal stability on the selected curing cycle for a DGEBA/1,2 DCH system was studied.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Lisardo Núñez, L. Fraga, M. Núñez, M. Villanueva, and B. Rial
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Abstract  

The curing of a thermoreactive alkyd-melamine-formaldehyde resin system was investigated by rheologycal, TG and TMA-analysis, in order to construct the time-temperature-transformation diagram. The points of the gelation curve were determined by measuring the increase in viscosity during isothermal curing at different temperatures. A power-function could be fitted to the gelation curve, which is suitable to estimate gelation at any curing conditions, as well as to establish storage conditions. The reaction in the resin matrix was followed by monitoring the loss of mass during isothermal curing at different temperatures. The final section of the resulted iso-curing temperature (iso-T cure) diagrams could be fitted with logarithmic functions, which may be used for estimating the conditions needed to a given, desirable mass loss, i.e. conversion. The steepness of the curves increases with temperature suggesting the forthcoming of degradation during cure with increasing temperature. From these data the iso-mass loss curves of the TTT-diagram were constructed. For determining the iso-Tg curves of the TTT-diagram isothermal curing was carried out in a drying oven at different temperatures, followed by TMA measurements. The iso-Tcure diagrams served to determine T g , and to construct the iso-T g curves of the TTT diagram. Vitrification curve is far beyond conditions of storage, curing and degradation, meaning that the resin matrix is in rubbery physical state before, during and after the cure. Curing conditions resulting degradation can also be estimated from the TTT-diagram.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: L. Barral, J. Cano, J. López, I. López-Bueno, P. Nogueira, C. Ramírez, A. Torres, and M. Abad

Abstract  

The effect of thermal degradation on the mechanical behaviour of a system containing both tetraglycidyl-4-4′-diaminodiphenylmethane (TGDDM) and a multifunctional novolac glycidyl ether (EPN) resins, cured with 4,4′-diaminodiphenylsulphone (DDS) has been studied using dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and tensile tests. Different curing paths using the isothermal time-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagram for this system were designed, obtaining thermosetting materials with different conversions. The influences of the degree of cure and of the aging temperature were also studied. The results showed different trends in the dynamic mechanical properties and an increase in the stiffness of the material with increasing aging time. Changes were faster and more intense with the higher temperature.

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Abstract  

The gelation of a powder coating and its matrix based on a saturated carboxyl functional polyester resin and triglycidyl isocyanurate of different diastereomer racemate composition was investigated by rotational viscometry. The iso-T cure diagrams have been determined directly by isothermal viscometric measurements and the gelation curves for the TTT-diagram have been constructed. To the measured section of the gelation curves power functions could be fitted and with their help the reactivity of the investigated systems were compared. The ratio of the two diastereomer racemates of TGIC has a significant effect on the reactivity of the coating, as it was also supported by DSC measurements. β-TGIC is of highest reactivity, and by increasing its ratio in TGIC, reactivity increases, and adversely effects the performance of the powder coating. Commercial TGIC-s have similar reactivity, comparable to that of high α-TGIC. The reactivity of the matrix is higher than that of the powder.

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Abstract  

In the present work, gelation and vitrification experimental data are obtained by TMA and DMTA techniques using the same thermoset based on an epoxy-amine system. The results show that the times obtained are not equivalent and depend on the technique used. An attempt has been made to compare both determinations using the degree of cure obtained by means of DSC technique. The principal conclusion that we want to emphasize is that it is the conversion degree and not the time of the phenomenological changes that take place during cure, that is the link to connect and interrelate the results obtained with different techniques. A method is also described for constructing the TTT diagram with only DSC and TMA or DMTA data.

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state. Vitrification is the point at which the resin changes from the rubbery state to the solid glassy state. The TTT diagram may be augmented by adding iso-conversion, iso-glass transition temperature (iso- T g ), and iso-viscous contours as well as

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authors dealt with the analysis of curing of unsaturated polyester resins [ 8 , 9 ]. The behaviour of thermosetting systems before, during and after processing is well demonstrated by their Time-Temperature-Transformation (TTT) diagram, which represents

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degree). Then, this effect decreased with the continuous addition of CaCO 3 . Fig. 4 CTT and TTT diagrams for: a PP-matrix and composites: PP–5 mass% SiO 2 , PP–5 mass% Al 2 O 3 , PP–5 mass% CaCO 3 and PP

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