Ps.-Herodian’s treatise De barbarismo et soloecismo (Valckenaer/Villoison) cites theog. 321 ἦν τρεῖς ϰεϕαλαί as an example of the incorrect use of number as in this passage ἦν is accounted a third-person singular of εἶναι. This view is shared by several ancient and modern scholars, who regard the supposed incongruence as either a peculiarity of syntax or a figure (σχῆμα). In this paper I shall argue that there is morphological, dialectal, syntactical and stylistic evidence that theog. 321 ἦν is an original third-person plural of εἶναι. While discussing the plausibility of ἦν τρεῖς ϰεϕαλαί being a so-called σχῆμα Πινδαριϰόν I also suggest an old plural reading for Pind. fr. 78 Snell–Maehler.
, L. Mikalson , Jon D. 2010 Greek Popular Religion in Greek Philosophy . Oxford : Oxford University Press .
Most , Glenn W. (ed. and transl.) 2006 Hesiod: Theogony, Works and Days, Testimonia . Cambridge, Mass. - London : Harvard
are derived from Hesiod's Works and Days and Theogony , Aeschylus' Prometheus , Pindar's Nemean 4 , Herodotus' Histories , Hölderlin's Hyperion and Achill , Goethe's Prometheus , Benjamin's Theses on the Philosophy of History and Cacciari
Hesiod, Theogony 270–281, complete with the dramatic emergence of Chrysaor and Pegasus from the neck of the beheaded monster. In Hesiod the heroic decapitation is localized somewhere in the distant West, near the Hesperides. The association of Gorgon