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Elements [Studia Pohl 8] . Rome : Biblical Institute Press . Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities 2007 . Turfan Studies . Berlin : Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities . Bhayro , Siam 2001 . ‘A Karshuni

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This paper offers a description, analysis and identification of some Dunhuang and Turfan manuscripts in the Pelliot Collection at the Bibliothèque nationale de France, the Stein Collection at the British Library and the Turfan Chinese Collection at the Berlin–Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften. The contents of these manuscripts were previously unidentified, especially due to the fragmentary state of some of the texts.

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Among the discoveries of excavations carried out by a joint team of Chinese archaeologists between the autumn of 2010 and the early summer of 2011 in the Tuyoq Grottoes in Turfan, 22 pilgrim inscriptions in Old Uyghur script were found in the Northern Cave 10 (NK 10). All of them are notes made by Buddhists who made a pilgrimage to the cave. Although the photo of these inscriptions has been published twice in recent years, an edition of them is still missing. This paper presents results of philological investigation on 20 of these pilgrim inscriptions. One inscription is briefly discussed in the general description as its structure is difficult to recognise, whereas an edition of another inscription, the one on the upper side of the left wall, is reserved for further research, as the inscription is not clearly visible in the available photo.

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References Bhattacharya , Chhaya 2002 . The Central Asian temple banners in the Turfan Collection of the Museum für Indische Kunst, Berlin: painted textiles from the northern Silk Route . [Monographien zur indischen Archäologie, Kunst und

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-Christiane Raschmann 2016 . ‘Turfan Manuscripts in the State Hermitage–a Rediscovery.’ Written Monuments of the Orient 2/4 : 3 – 44 . Rınpoche , Zopa 2002 . The Sadhana of Namgyalma (Ushnishavijaya): The Method of Accomplishing the Totally Victorious Crown

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National Social Sciences Foundation of China (Founding No. 11 & ZD 130). References Bang , Willi - von Gabain , Annemarie ( 1929 ): Türkische Turfan

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References Allsen , Thomas T . 1983 . ‘The Yüan Dynasty and the Uighurs of Turfan in the 13 th Century.’ In: Morris Rossabi (ed.) China Among Equals. The Middle Kingdom and its Neighbors, 10 th –14 th Centuries . BerkeLey–Los Angeles

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As the first station in Central Asia of Xuanzang’s India pilgrimage, Turfan has contributed much to his success. This essay deals with two Turfanese who have served Xuanzang. (I) Among the numerous pupils and assistants of Xuanzang, Xuanjue is less renowned, yet he enjoys a position in Buddhist historiography. Thanks to MSS finds at Turfan, new clues of his life and work can now be gathered to supplement his biography particularly in respect to his importance for the local Buddhist community in the 7th century. (II) Though a marginal figure in the Cien Biography , the once messenger of Xuanzang Ma Xuanzhi is recorded in a Turfan document.

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In the present article some unpublished Buddhist Sogdian texts belonging to the German Turfan collection are studied. Apart from a small fragment from the Sogdian version of the Pañcaviṃśatisāhasrikā-mahā-prajñāpāramitā-sūtra , I selected those texts which belong to categories unknown or not well represented among the Buddhist Sogdian texts published so far. Thus, specimens of the vinaya literature, Zen Buddhism and apocryphal texts are cited. One group of fragments contains Tocharian loanwords and is likely to have been translated from Tocharian, while another group is unique in that it is provided with a colophon in the Uighur language. Finally, various forms denoting “bodhisattva” are collected and in light of their distribution and number of occurrences among the texts I challenge the generally accepted view that they came into Sogdian via Parthian, and that the Uighur form bodisavt had its origin in Sogdian.

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