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Abstract  

An open-framework aluminophosphate analog of the fluorogallophosphate structure-type ULM-3 was obtained by hydrothermal crystallization of an aqueous aluminum phosphate suspension in the presence of 3-methylpropylamine (MAPA) and hydrofluoric acid. The open-framework fluorinated aluminophosphate structure was confirmed by Rietveld analysis and the 27Al, 31P, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy. The MAPA, located in the ten-membered ring channels, is doubly protonated to balance the negative charge of the Al3P3O12F2 2– framework. Thermogravimetric analysis data have been used to study kinetics of the thermal decomposition of MAPA. The decomposition was found to be a complex process, its activation energy varied from 177 to 259 kJ mol−1. The relatively high E values are explained by the fact that the MAPA cations are bound to the anionic framework both by electrostatic forces as well as strong N-H…O hydrogen bonds. The strength of the interactions is indirectly confirmed by the in situ high temperature X-ray diffraction analysis which shows that the MAPA decomposition leads to a phase transformation of the open-framework structure to the dense trydimite phase.

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Summary

The first part of this monographic study was published in vol. XLIV (2003) of Acta Historiae Artium. This part focuses mainly on the problems of artistic origin. The sculptor could be identified as a follower of the late style of Hans Multscher and therefore coming perhaps of the Ulm region. Concerning the relationship of the Leutschau retable to the shrine figures of the Benedictine Abbey Church in Garamszentbenedek (Sv. Beňadik nad Hronom) the Author argues for its higher artistic quality which seems to exclude that the latter was an earlier work of the same artist. The panel painting was perhaps mainly influenced by the art of the Master of the Schottenstift in Vienna. The architectural arrangement of the retable may also go back to Ulm constructions, such as the High altar of Ulm Münster, documented by his preparatory drawing.

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. The Institutional Review Board of Ulm University approved the study. All subjects were informed about the study and all provided informed consent (including parental/legal guardian consent for underaged participants). Results Descriptive statistics

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Davide Marengo, Cornelia Sindermann, Daniela Häckel, Michele Settanni, Jon D. Elhai, and Christian Montag

Abstract

Background and aims

Personality is one of the most frequently investigated variables to shed light on the putatively addictive use of the smartphone. By investigating associations between personality and individual differences in addictive smartphone use, researchers aim to understand if some personality traits predispose technology users to develop addictive behaviors. Here, based on existing empirical literature, we aimed at determining the strength of associations between Big Five personality traits and smartphone use disorder (SmUD) by a meta-analytic approach.

Method

For each Big Five personality trait, we performed a meta-analysis of correlations representing their association with SmUD. We also investigated possible publication bias and the moderating effects of age, gender, nationality, length of personality assessments, and time of publication.

Results

We found n = 26 eligible studies. In line with both the Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution (I-PACE) model and the framework on problematic mobile-phone use by Billieux, we observed a positive association between Neuroticism and SmUD (r = 0.25), while the association between Extraversion and SmUD was not significant. Partially in line with the aforementioned theoretical frameworks, Conscientiousness was negatively associated with SmUD (r = −0.16). Remaining traits showed smaller associations. No significant publication bias emerged. Moderator analyses showed that time of publication moderated the link between Conscientiousness and SmUD. Moreover, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness showed a heightened inverse association with SmUD among older samples.

Conclusions

The present meta-analysis provides robust empirical evidence that Big Five personality traits can help to understand individual differences in SmUD, supporting the usefulness of their assessment when planning and targeting interventions aimed at at-risk individuals.

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Xinqi Zhou, Renjing Wu, Congcong Liu, Juan Kou, Yuanshu Chen, Halley M. Pontes, Dezhong Yao, Keith M. Kendrick, Benjamin Becker, and Christian Montag

Abstract

Background and aims

Growing concerns about the addictive nature of Internet and computer games led to the preliminary recognition of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) as an emerging disorder by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and the official recognition of Gaming Disorder (GD) as a new diagnosis by the World Health Organization (WHO). While the definition of clear diagnostic criteria for (I)GD represents an important step for diagnosis and treatment of the disorder, potential neurobiological correlates of the criteria remain to be explored.

Methods

The present study employed a dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) approach to determine associations between (I)GD symptom-load according to the APA and WHO diagnostic frameworks and brain structure in a comparably large sample of n = 82 healthy subjects.

Results

Higher symptom-load on both, the APA and WHO diagnostic frameworks convergently associated with lower volumes of the striatum.

Discussion

The results from this exploratory study provide the first initial evidence for a neurobiological foundation of the proposed diagnostic criteria for (I)GD according to both diagnostic classification systems and suggest that the transition from non-disordered to disordered gaming may be accompanied by progressive neuroplastic changes in the striatum, thus resembling progressive changes in other addictive disorders.

Conclusions

The proposed (I)GD criteria in both diagnostic systems were associated with neurostructural alterations in the striatum, suggesting an association with progressive changes in the motivational systems of the brain.

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Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Authors: Imre Galambos, Gergely Salát, Csaba Prutkay, Imre Hamar, Péter Vámos, and Anna Pikó

Xixing, Lu: 'Shijing' yiwen yanjiu (The Study of Textual Variants of the Shijing) Hamar, Imre: A Religious Leader in the Tang: Chengguan's Biography Qian, Nanxiu: Spirit and Self in Medieval China. The Shih-shuo hsin-yü and Its Legacy Chen, Jinhua: Making and Remaking History. A Study of Tiantai Sectarian Historiography Nozaki, Akira-Baker, Chris (eds): Village Communities, State and Traders. Essays in Honour of Chatthip Nartsupha Gottfried von Laimbeckhoven SJ (1707-1787) Der Bischof von Nanjing und seine Briefe aus China mit Faksimile seiner Reisebeschreibung. Transkribiert und bearbeitet von Stephan Puhl (1941-1997), und Sigismund Freiherr von Elverfeldt-Ulm unter Mitwirkung von Gerhard Zeilinger. Zum Druck vorbereitet und herausgegeben von Roman Malek SVD Zetzsche, Jost Oliver: The Bible in China: The History of the Union Version or The Culmination of Protestant Missionary Bible Translation in China Xinran: The Good Women of China. Hidden Voices. Translated by Esther Tyldesley

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Az MTA Szociológiai Kutatóintézet (MTA SZKI) és az ENERGIAKLUB Szakpolitikai Intézet és Módszertani Központ (EK) 2009 óta részt vesz az EU 7 Keretprogramja által finanszírozott Civil Társadalom a Fenntarthatóságért (Civil Society for Sustainability, CSS) című kutatási projektben. A projekt fő célja, hogy EU szinten kapcsolatot teremtsen a civil társadalom és a fenntartható fejlődéssel foglalkozó kutatók között. Segíteni kívánja a civil szervezetek és a kutatási intézmények közötti együttműködést, többek között olyan civil társadalom központú kutatási projektek formájában, amelyek a fenntartható fejlődést célozzák. A projektben 4 országból 3 kutatócsoport és 3 civil szervezet vesz részt. Ezek páronként ún. tandemeket alkotnak, amelyek a következők: Dialogik gGmbH (Stuttgart) – unw e.V. (Ulm); Mutadis SARL (Párizs) – REC Slovenija (Lubljana); illetve MTA SZKI – EK. A projekt 1. fázisának eredményeit (az EK stratégiai problémáinak feltárása) korábban e folyóirat hasábjain közöltük. Jelen cikkünkben egy olyan mintaprojektet mutatunk be, amely Gyöngyös város éghajlatvédelmi stratégiájának kifejlesztését célozta, s amely a CSS projekt második fázisában valósult meg.

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Az MTA Szociológiai Kutatóintézet (MTA SZKI) és az Energia Klub Környezetvédelmi Egyesület (EK) 2009. januártól részt vesz az EU 7 Keretprogramja által finanszírozott Civil Társadalom a Fenntarthatóságért (Civil Society for Sustainability, CSS) című kutatási projektjében. A nemzetközi akciókutatási1 projekt érdekessége, hogy kutatócsoportok és civilszervezetek intenzív együttműködésén alapul. Cikkünkben röviden bemutatjuk a projektet, és beszámolunk az első fázis eredményeiről (EU-FP7 Project CSS, 2009).

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New or little known epiphyllous liverworts, XIX

Cololejeunea yelitzae, a new neotropical species

Acta Botanica Hungarica
Authors: T. Pócs and A. Bernecker

Lücking, A. (1995): Diversität und Mikrohabitatpräferenzen epiphyller Moose in einem tropischen Regenwald in Costa Rica . - Dissert. Dr. rer. nat., Fakult. Naturwiss., Univ. Ulm, Ulm, 211 pp. Lücking A

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There is a type in the iconography of Saint Stephen which, although it is perhaps one of the best known portrayals of the saint, has nevertheless escaped the attention of art historical research. The woodcut in the Augsburg edition of János Thuróczy's Chronica Hungarorum (1488) is of interest not only from the viewpoint of art history; it is at least as important for the history of ideas and constitutional law, and it was not only in one particular period, namely at the very end of the 15th century that it became a special theme, but it proved to be very much alive in the following century with minor changes. The Hungarian source of the composition is a special theme that appeared in the 14th century, the portrayal of Saint Ladislas crowned by angels which was revived by the art propaganda for display of Louis I (the Great), based on Byzantine traditions and given current relevance. As far as we know at present, the motif of angelic coronation first appeared in the iconography of Saint Stephen on a woodcut printed perhaps in Ulm around 1460-1470. However, the immediate model for the woodcuts in the Thuróczy chronicle was very probably not this image of Saint Stephen but the relief of King Matthias Corvinus on the tower of the Ortenburg castle in Bautzen. Right from the time of its appearance the woodcut was an enormous success. This was due in part to its technique and message but the main reason why it became popular was its extremely important constitutional law implications for the feudal constitution, especially in the struggles for succession following the death of Matthias Corvinus (1490). Since it gave the most succinct expression of the doctrine of the Holy Crown, the constitutional law foundation of the Kingdom of Hungary, and could be updated later too, countless copies and variants were produced in the following centuries, particularly after the appearance in Nuremberg in 1664 of the Mausoleum published at the expense of Ferenc Nádasdy chief justice, right up to the 20th century. It was probably through this art channel that it trickled down later through further intermediary stations into folk tradition although there are only a few oral and pictorial traces of this.

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