such significance to justify publishing in such journals. Before the War in Croatia two mathematical journals were published: Glasnik Matematički and RAD JAZU, Razred za Prirodne Znanosti - Matematika.
Note that at that time as domestic
Drawing on established connections between Roman identity and an agricultural landscape, this paper examines how the imagery of disrupted pastoral and agrarian landscapes and characters represent the effects of civil war on the Roman people in Vergil’s Aeneid and Lucan’s Bellum Civile. While disturbance and turmoil are already a part of the natural landscape in Vergil’s Eclogues and Georgics, in epic, a genre that concerns itself with how empire and imperial power mediate Roman identity, the displacement of shepherds and agriculture partially redefines Roman identity in militaristic terms. Vergil’s pastoral characters, written into military roles as civic landscapes displace agrarian ones in the Aeneid, survive but fail to find a place in Lucan’s ruined and desolate Pharsalian landscape in the Bellum Civile. There, the broken natural landscape, unfit for agriculture, pastoralism, or trade, mirrors the redefinition of what is “Roman” and the occlusion of Rome’s link to an idealized bucolic past.
This article considers
the Parthian war of Publius Ventidius in 39/8 BC and its place in the ancient
literary tradition. It is argued that although Ventidius' Parthian campaign
retained its popular emotive force, it was at first considered unsatisfactory
as a model for Eastern triumph; the spoils and standards captured at Carrhae in
53 BC remained in Parthian hands, while the campaign itself was punitive and
limited in objectives. Furthermore, Ventidius' 'Parthian' war could equally be
viewed as the final suppression of elements loyal to Brutus and Cassius. It is
peculiar that allusions to Ventidius' triumph are entirely absent from
literature of the Augustan age. This article argues that it was not until after
the deaths of Gaius and Lucius Caesar, and the renewal of trouble on the
Northern frontier that the Parthian campaign came to be seen as recompense for
the disaster of Carrhae in 53 BC.
This essay is based on Ken Saro-Wiwa’s novel, titled Sozaboy. Apart from using this novel to interpret and locate the history and politics of Nigeria within a particular period, the essay
tried to look at the 1967–1970 Nigeria’s civil war as fictionalized by Ken Saro-Wiwa, the nature of the language and implications
on the English language in Nigeria. It also attempted an understanding of the moral and political consequences of war on humanity
in general and the special effect of the Nigerian civil war on the minority areas within the Biafran enclave in particular
as epitomized by Dukana, the setting of Sozaboy. The essay concluded that the novel itself was a bold attempt at experimentation
with language, considering the fact that it was written in what the author himself described as “rotten” English.