Authors:Espen Aarseth, Anthony M. Bean, Huub Boonen, Michelle Colder Carras, Mark Coulson, Dimitri Das, Jory Deleuze, Elza Dunkels, Johan Edman, Christopher J. Ferguson, Maria C. Haagsma, Karin Helmersson Bergmark, Zaheer Hussain, Jeroen Jansz, Daniel Kardefelt-Winther, Lawrence Kutner, Patrick Markey, Rune Kristian Lundedal Nielsen, Nicole Prause, Andrew Przybylski, Thorsten Quandt, Adriano Schimmenti, Vladan Starcevic, Gabrielle Stutman, Jan Van Looy and Antonius J. Van Rooij
Concerns about problematic gaming behaviors deserve our full attention. However, we claim that it is far from clear that these problems can or should be attributed to a new disorder. The empirical basis for a Gaming Disorder proposal, such as in the new ICD-11, suffers from fundamental issues. Our main concerns are the low quality of the research base, the fact that the current operationalization leans too heavily on substance use and gambling criteria, and the lack of consensus on symptomatology and assessment of problematic gaming. The act of formalizing this disorder, even as a proposal, has negative medical, scientific, public-health, societal, and human rights fallout that should be considered. Of particular concern are moral panics around the harm of video gaming. They might result in premature application of diagnosis in the medical community and the treatment of abundant false-positive cases, especially for children and adolescents. Second, research will be locked into a confirmatory approach, rather than an exploration of the boundaries of normal versus pathological. Third, the healthy majority of gamers will be affected negatively. We expect that the premature inclusion of Gaming Disorder as a diagnosis in ICD-11 will cause significant stigma to the millions of children who play video games as a part of a normal, healthy life. At this point, suggesting formal diagnoses and categories is premature: the ICD-11 proposal for Gaming Disorder should be removed to avoid a waste of public health resources as well as to avoid causing harm to healthy video gamers around the world.
Authors:Dávid László Tárnoki, Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki, Andrew Hyland, Mark J. Travers, Katharine Dobson, Laszlo Mechtler and K. Michael Cummings
Control and Prevention, Center for Health Promotion, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2006.
Air quality guidelines for
Authors:Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki, Dávid László Tárnoki, Mark J. Travers, Andrew Hyland, Katharine Dobson, László Mechtler and K. Michael Cummings
Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health , 2006 .
. WorldHealthOrganization 2005 Air quality guidelines for particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide — Global update 2005 — Summary of risk
WorldHealthOrganisation. Guidelines for programmatic management of drug-resistant tuberculosis. WHO/ /HTM/TB/, Geneva, Switzerland, 2006, 361.
A pulmonológiai intézmények 2005. évi epidemiológiai és működési adatai. Országos
In a recent debate paper on the WorldHealthOrganization’s (WHO) 11th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) Gaming Disorder (GD) proposal, Aarseth et al. ( 2016 ) argue that the
Authors:Antonius J. van Rooij, Christopher J. Ferguson, Michelle Colder Carras, Daniel Kardefelt-Winther, Jing Shi, Espen Aarseth, Anthony M. Bean, Karin Helmersson Bergmark, Anne Brus, Mark Coulson, Jory Deleuze, Pravin Dullur, Elza Dunkels, Johan Edman, Malte Elson, Peter J. Etchells, Anne Fiskaali, Isabela Granic, Jeroen Jansz, Faltin Karlsen, Linda K. Kaye, Bonnie Kirsh, Andreas Lieberoth, Patrick Markey, Kathryn L. Mills, Rune Kristian Lundedal Nielsen, Amy Orben, Arne Poulsen, Nicole Prause, Patrick Prax, Thorsten Quandt, Adriano Schimmenti, Vladan Starcevic, Gabrielle Stutman, Nigel E. Turner, Jan van Looy and Andrew K. Przybylski
classification and its wider societal impact ( Frances, 2013 ) and the low quality of the existing evidence base, we urge our colleagues at the WorldHealthOrganization (WHO) to err on the side of caution for now and postpone the formalization