The subject of this paper is clothing, specifically the costumes of the Great Mongol Empire. It is based on recent archaeological discoveries from the territory of the Yuan and the Juchid realms, and in particular on my personal study of the textile finds from Nartiin Xad and Buxiin Xušuu, Mongolia. The reconstruction of some of the costumes from there have made it possible to have a more complete picture of the clothes and to recognise their parallels not only among the other archaeological finds, but also as regards the figural representations of the era. The data of these costumes together with the written sources provide us a new way of understanding the clothing culture of the Mongol imperial era.
The fragment we are editing here for the first time is a specimen of a new genre of Old Uygur literature. It is a memorandum or an account on the early years of the West Uygur Kingdom of Qočo. The leaf is the 22nd of an ötüg that contains a vivid text changing between prose and verse reflecting the literary heritage of the Old Uygurs. Supposing that the work was written during the Yuan period (13th to 14th centuries) we have to admit that it is an ambitious work of historical retelling political, military, and cultural events that took place at least two centuries before. Since the 62 lines are completely preserved, this text presents a new valuable source for further studies on Old Uygur.
Rachewiltz, I. — Russel, T. (1993): Ch’iu Ch’u-chi. In: de Rachewiltz, I. — Chan Hok-lam — Hsiao Ch’i-ch’ing — Geier, P. W. (eds): In the Service of the Khan. Eminent Personalities of the Early Mongol-YüanPeriod . (Asiatische Forschungen 121.) Wiesbaden, pp