The contradictory process and the ambivalent result of Jewish assimilation in Hungary between 1867 and 1944 were shaped both by the Neolog-Orthodox duality and the fast acculturation of the Neolog Jewry. The image persistently attached to the Jew in Hungary, the basis of any sort of anti-Semitism, was the denominational bound Jewishness; the identity created and sustained mainly by the urban Neolog Jewish bourgeoisie was, however, definitely Magyar. When image and identity came to be confronted with each other, then political anti-Semitism could get a firm footing; this had happened from just around the late nineteenth and especially the beginning of the twentieth century. Still, there is more than simply a continuity between the form of anti-Semitism characterizing the age of Dualism and the one accompanying the interwar period, when it even became a state policy. The former was rooted in the mental construction of a cultural code, while the latter was most closely associated with the cognitive construction of political code. This also meant that while the former was exclusively carried by some social movements hostile to the issue of Jewish assimilation, the latter led to rigid state discrimination applied against all those the image of whom was identified with Jewishness.
In this study, multicultural literature served as a site for Chinese Canadians to explore the interplay between their dual cultural backgrounds. After reading a story written by a Chinese Canadian author, participants were invited to imagine a dialogue between two characters with whom they identified, allowing the exploration of different aspects of their bicultural selves. Systematic examination of their dialogues, using cluster analysis of recurrently expressed dialogical themes, revealed four distinct expressive styles (Rhetorical Conflict, Imperative Conflict, Active Narration, and Embodied Reconciliation), each revealing a different bicultural stance. Both the rhetorically probing and explicitly imperative styles of expression reflected a fusion of Chinese and Canadian expectations regarding confrontation, although in different ways each also facilitated the maintenance of a conflictual cultural hierarchy. Active, but distanced, narrative description reflected the preservation of a collective sense of self that is characteristic of traditional Chinese culture. Finally, dialogic enactment of conflicting “voices” allowed reconciliatory, embodied, and generative fusions of Chinese and Canadian cultural expectations.
Az ókorkutatás legfontosabb feladatai közé tartozik, hogy korunk aktuális problémáinak megoldásához adjon segítséget. Az egyik ezek közül az akkulturációé, vagyis annak a vizsgálata, hogyan viselkednek az egymással érintkező, különböző hagyományokra épülő kultúrák e találkozás során. Egy másik az a kérdés, mit nyújthat a kortárs művészet megértéséhez az antik művészetek hagyatékának tanulmányozása, és ennek másik oldala: miben segítheti a modern művészet jelenségeinek ismerete az antik művészetek egyes vonásainak jobb megértését. A tanulmány a Szépművészeti Múzeum egy eddig közöletlen Kr. e. 700 körül készült etruszk vázájának formáját és díszítését elemezve kísérel meg legalább részlegesen választ adni a két kérdésre, és ennek során egy Veiiben dolgozó vázafestőnek műveiből kirajzolódó portréját próbálja meg felvázolni.
G ÜngÖr , D. , B ornstein , M. , DE LEERSNYDER , J. , C ote , L. , C eulemans , E. , & M esquita , B. ( 2012 ). Acculturation of personality: A three-culture study of Japanese, Japanese Americans, and European Americans . Journal of
Khanty culture in its present state — in the process of language loss and acculturation — still offers a wide field for the examination of notions related to everyday and sacral purity and their embodiment. Earlier research has explored certain details of these notions (e.g., regulations related to animals of mythological role, nutrition taboos and linguistic restrictions), it seems, however, that the concept of purity is more complex than that: it is a fundamental system which plays a central role, encompassing the whole of the traditional Khanty world, which ultimately defines the order of the world. This fact about the Khanty culture has practically not yet been articulated. The present research aims to explore the intersections of notions of purity and order in Khanty culture and to analyze the individual sub-fields.
The central effect of globalization is cultural convergence. The notion of “cultural creolization,” amplified from creole linguistics, offers a model wherewith to understand the cultural convergences of Europe and the rest of the postmodern world. Creolization, like diaspora, is a word with a history that is relevant to cultural analysis. Despite the claims of other terms like acculturation, transculturation, mixing, and hybridization, I advocate creolization to remind ethnologists of the decisive power differences that are always present when cultures converge. Creolization also denotes the creation of something discontinuous and new, which could not have been predicted from its origins. I sketch the relation of this concept to history, sociolinguistics, communication theory, anthropology, and religious studies, in the light of definitive linguistic research.
The study is the first attempt in Hungarian research on beliefs to examine the legitimising activity and procedures of the individual and community using the belief. After following for several decades the biographic events of a single illiterate person who gained his/her knowledge from oral tradition, recording in detail his/her experiences and knowledge, the author identifies the following legitimising procedures: incorporation of the beliefs into the biography, placing the beliefs on the genealogical and social structure, building the beliefs on a regional ecological environment. At the same time, the analysis also identifies the causes and forms of a process of acculturation, namely: change in the way of life, the spread of literacy, the shift from traditional farming to factory work, the end of intensive contact with the natural environment, the loss of situations serving for the circulation of oral tradition.