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, J. W. (eds), The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology . Cambridge , Cambridge University Press , 181 – 197 . 9. Boehm , A. , Davis , T. , Meares , D. , Pearce , D

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The contradictory process and the ambivalent result of Jewish assimilation in Hungary between 1867 and 1944 were shaped both by the Neolog-Orthodox duality and the fast acculturation of the Neolog Jewry. The image persistently attached to the Jew in Hungary, the basis of any sort of anti-Semitism, was the denominational bound Jewishness; the identity created and sustained mainly by the urban Neolog Jewish bourgeoisie was, however, definitely Magyar. When image and identity came to be confronted with each other, then political anti-Semitism could get a firm footing; this had happened from just around the late nineteenth and especially the beginning of the twentieth century. Still, there is more than simply a continuity between the form of anti-Semitism characterizing the age of Dualism and the one accompanying the interwar period, when it even became a state policy. The former was rooted in the mental construction of a cultural code, while the latter was most closely associated with the cognitive construction of political code. This also meant that while the former was exclusively carried by some social movements hostile to the issue of Jewish assimilation, the latter led to rigid state discrimination applied against all those the image of whom was identified with Jewishness.

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Abstract

In the study I tried to reconstruct the history of the Jewish community of Tállya and their synagogue, for up to now neither the community, nor the art historically important Torah ark has received due attention. After the Holocaust very few survivors came back to Tállya – a settlement in Tokaj-Hegyalja, a region of north-eastern Hungary – and not a single member of the former Orthodox congregation lives there today. The community built their third place of worship in the mid-nineteenth century, pulled down in 1964. The reasons why I found it important to map the socio-cultural and religious environment in more detail are commemorative and research methodological. The Israelite community enjoyed autonomy in choosing their rabbi and arranging all other domestic matters, and consequently, their taste, religious orientation, acculturation influenced the shaping of their synagogue building, the style of its furnishing and ritual objects. For lack of congregational documents, many kinds of sources (e.g. newspaper articles, recollections, biographies of rabbis, municipal documents) had to be interpreted within the context offered by the historical elaborations of the age. It was indispensable to shed light on the system of relations between Hasidism of growing influence from the early nineteenth century and traditional Orthodoxy, particularly because the tendencies of secession also appeared in the Tállya community, and the iconography of the Torah ark of their synagogue is most closely related to the carved Torah arks of East European Hasidic communities (in Poland, Galicia, Moldavia, etc.). According to archival sources the community leaders of Tállya could assert their wish to have the woodcarver create symbolic motifs on the ark despite the rabbi’s disapproval. As the direct antecedent to the composition I identified the masonry Torah ark of Mád, but the inventive, singular style of the carvings bears no kinship with the mentioned prototypes or the altars in churches in the vicinity. At the end of the paper I sum up the events that led to the demolition of the synagogue and the perishing of its interior furniture, relying on documents in the Hungarian Jewish Museum and the Monument Documentation Centre.

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regime change are enterprises of necessity ( Kotics 2011 :169). Acculturation and/or adaptation The transformation of the structure of the rural space, economy, and society, and the

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In this study, multicultural literature served as a site for Chinese Canadians to explore the interplay between their dual cultural backgrounds. After reading a story written by a Chinese Canadian author, participants were invited to imagine a dialogue between two characters with whom they identified, allowing the exploration of different aspects of their bicultural selves. Systematic examination of their dialogues, using cluster analysis of recurrently expressed dialogical themes, revealed four distinct expressive styles (Rhetorical Conflict, Imperative Conflict, Active Narration, and Embodied Reconciliation), each revealing a different bicultural stance. Both the rhetorically probing and explicitly imperative styles of expression reflected a fusion of Chinese and Canadian expectations regarding confrontation, although in different ways each also facilitated the maintenance of a conflictual cultural hierarchy. Active, but distanced, narrative description reflected the preservation of a collective sense of self that is characteristic of traditional Chinese culture. Finally, dialogic enactment of conflicting “voices” allowed reconciliatory, embodied, and generative fusions of Chinese and Canadian cultural expectations.

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Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle
Authors:
Lan Anh Nguyen Luu
,
Márta Fülöp
,
Robin Goodwin
,
Kerstin Göbel
,
Luisa Martín Rojo
,
Hector Grad
, and
Mihály Berkics

Kínai anyák egy csoportjának beszámolóján keresztül vizsgáltuk kutatásunkban négy európai országban – Magyarországon, Németországban, Spanyolországban és Nagy-Britanniában – élő kínaiak integrációját, szociális támogatottságát, különös tekintettel a magyarországi csoportra. Kérdőíves, 218 kínai anya részvételével végzett vizsgálatunkban a többi csoporthoz képest a magyarországi csoport tagjai kisebb helyi nyelvi kompetenciáról, a helybeliekkel való kapcsolatkeresési hajlandóság alacsonyabb mértékéről, ugyanakkor a transznacionalitás, a Kínával való kapcsolattartás nagyobb intenzitásáról adtak számot. Az itteni kínaiakkal való kapcsolattartási hajlandóságuk viszont nem nagyobb a többi csoportban kapott értékekhez képest, sőt, még alacsonyabb is a nagy-britanniai csoporthoz viszonyítva. A gyerekeik barátai között viszont nagyobb arányban vannak kínai gyerekek, mint más csoportokban. A család mellett az iskola bizonyul a legfontosabb támogatási forrásnak mind a négy országban, mind az érzelmi, mind a praktikus, mind pedig az információs támogatottság terén. Az eredmények valamennyi csoportban több vonatkozásban is az iskola, a tanulás komoly szerepét támasztják alá. Vizsgálati személyeink a kínaiak általános társadalmi integrációjánál sikeresebbnek ítélik az iskolai integrációt, ugyanakkor a többi csoporthoz képest a magyarországi minta kevésbé elégedett ez utóbbi terület sikerességével. Az iskolával, tanulással való elégedettségre és az elégedettség bejósló tényezőinek feltárására is kitértünk.

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366 378 HO, C. N. (1999): The effects of generational status and acculturation on the self-reporting of traumatic experiences and symptoms in a nonclinical Asian population

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Az ókorkutatás legfontosabb feladatai közé tartozik, hogy korunk aktuális problémáinak megoldásához adjon segítséget. Az egyik ezek közül az akkulturációé, vagyis annak a vizsgálata, hogyan viselkednek az egymással érintkező, különböző hagyományokra épülő kultúrák e találkozás során. Egy másik az a kérdés, mit nyújthat a kortárs művészet megértéséhez az antik művészetek hagyatékának tanulmányozása, és ennek másik oldala: miben segítheti a modern művészet jelenségeinek ismerete az antik művészetek egyes vonásainak jobb megértését. A tanulmány a Szépművészeti Múzeum egy eddig közöletlen Kr. e. 700 körül készült etruszk vázájának formáját és díszítését elemezve kísérel meg legalább részlegesen választ adni a két kérdésre, és ennek során egy Veiiben dolgozó vázafestőnek műveiből kirajzolódó portréját próbálja meg felvázolni.

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A versengés, győzelem és vesztés szubjektív jelentése magyar, kínai és Magyarországon tanuló kínai diákok körében

Subjective meanings of competition, winning and losing among Hungarian, Chinese, and Chinese immigrant students living in Hungary

Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle
Authors:
Nóra Sebestyén
and
Márta Fülöp

. G ÜngÖr , D. , B ornstein , M. , DE LEERSNYDER , J. , C ote , L. , C eulemans , E. , & M esquita , B. ( 2012 ). Acculturation of personality: A three-culture study of Japanese, Japanese Americans, and European Americans . Journal of

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Khanty culture in its present state — in the process of language loss and acculturation — still offers a wide field for the examination of notions related to everyday and sacral purity and their embodiment. Earlier research has explored certain details of these notions (e.g., regulations related to animals of mythological role, nutrition taboos and linguistic restrictions), it seems, however, that the concept of purity is more complex than that: it is a fundamental system which plays a central role, encompassing the whole of the traditional Khanty world, which ultimately defines the order of the world. This fact about the Khanty culture has practically not yet been articulated. The present research aims to explore the intersections of notions of purity and order in Khanty culture and to analyze the individual sub-fields.

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