The paper describes an attempt of chemical activation of fly ash and claims the usefulness of combination of such investigation
methods as calorimetry and infrared absorption for investigations of early periods of cement hydration. The research samples
were cement pastes made with an addition of fly ash and admixtures of chemical activators, CaCl2, Na2SO4 and NaOH, whereas a cement paste without fly ash addition and a cement-fly ash paste (both without admixtures) were used
as reference samples. In order to investigate early periods of cement pastes hydration, the amount and rate of heat release
were registered, and IR spectrums were checked at appointed hydration moments.
As a result, it was shown that the combination of calorimetric and IR absorption methods in the investigations of early periods
of cement hydration was useful. It was confirmed that the use of chemical activators CaCl2, Na2SO4 and NaOH accelerated the hydration of cement pastes containing fly ash additive in early hours after adding water. The action
of activators on hydrating cement system is different for each of investigated compounds.
Corn cobs obtained as waste from the corn industry, were analyzed by a TG-DTA unit in an atmosphere of flowing nitrogen. The
carbonaceous products so formed were then produced on a preparative scale and activated chemically using potassium hydroxide.
This resulted in the formation of a carbon with a very high surface area. The active carbon produced was then examined using
thermal analysis in the temperature jump mode on a thermogravimetry unit. From this data the kinetics of degradation of the
active carbon was determined using zero order rate kinetics. The pore structure of the active material was also examined using
SEM. TheEa for activated corn cobs was found to be 106 kJ mol−1.
Research comparing the activation sensitivity of oocytes to chemical treatment among mammalian species remains limited. We compared the activation ability of oocytes from bovine and feline ovaries when treated with ethanol alone, with ethanol and cycloheximide, and without any chemical treatment; the oocytes were then cultured for 72 h. After in vitro maturation (IVM), 5% of feline oocytes were activated and 1% were cleaved, whereas there were no prematurely activated bovine oocytes. Activation rates with ethanol and ethanol/cycloheximide were significantly higher (P < 0.01) in bovine oocytes than in feline oocytes (74.2% vs. 34.1% and 86.3% vs. 52.5%, respectively). Thus, our findings indicate that feline oocytes can be prematurely activated by the end of IVM, and that bovine oocytes may have a higher sensitivity of parthenogenetic activation to chemical treatment than do feline oocytes.
The physical mixtures of hydroxocarbonates of Cu and Ni with aluminium were activated using a laboratory planetary mill. The
chemical reactions and alloy formations as the effects of grinding were followed by the phase analysis of solid products based
on the thermogravimetry and X-ray diffractometry. Experimental evidence indicates that the nature of reactions and products
of mechanical activation was dependent on the amount of aluminium and time of grinding.
investigated the kinetics of mullitization, all reporting that mullitization occurs by nucleation-growth mechanisms. Okada [ 3 ] summarized the activation energy values for mullitization from various starting materials (such as diphasic gel, monophasic gel
and selenium [ 6 ], afforded protection but not treatment in methomyl-induced toxicity in the animal. Our present study was designed to investigate the effect of administering activated charcoal on rats induced by acute methomyl treatment. Metabolomics
generation of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide by T cell receptor stimulation: selective regulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation and fas ligand expression . J. Exp. Med. 195 , 59 – 70 ( 2002 )