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Abstract  

Activation energies of ignition for the thermokinetic oscillations obtained during the heterogeneous catalytic oxidation of ethanol on Pd/Al2O3 in a dynamic calorimeter were obtained using the minimum values of the temperature oscillations. These activation energies of ignition are greater than the activation energies of the corresponding oscillations. The obtained results are discussed by assuming a PdOx redox cycle.

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Abstract  

Sol–gel auto combustion process was employed to synthesize nanosized Mn–Zn ferrite at different pH values (<1, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 10). Although self propagating combustion behavior of gel was noted at pH 5 but more effective combustion was observed at pH 6. The smoldering effect was observed in gel prepared at pH 7, 8 and 10, whereas pH < 1 showed localized burning. Thermogravimetric (TG) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were done to investigate the effect of pH on the combustion behavior, particle size and the formation of desired magnetic (spinel) phase. From TG curves of burnt powders, activation energy of ignition reaction at each pH value was calculated. The results showed that fuel to oxidant ratio and the amount of gel residuals decided the value of activation energy required to further purify the burnt powders. Calcination parameters (time and temperature in air) of powders P1 and P6 synthesized at pH < 1 and pH 6 were also determined. B–H loop results showed that calcined powder C6 was more ferromagnetic than C1 due to fully developed spinel phase and larger particle size.

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, Plath , PJ , Hornoiu , C 2008 Activation energy of ignition for catalytic oxidation of ethanol in oscillatory regime . J Therm Anal Calorim 91 : 381 – 384 10.1007/s10973-007-8465-1 . 30

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