jelenségek szintaktikai háttere [Syntactic background of inflectional phenomena]. In Kiefer (2000, 653–762).
Bartos , Huba . 2009 . The syntax of Hungarian -va adverbial pariticiples: A single affix with variable merge-in locations. In É. Kiss (2009, 75
In this paper, I review how formal features are currently regarded and used in the Minimalist Program. Although features are the cornerstone in Minimalism, they are used in many different and conflicting ways. Features may seem particularly relevant to affix-hop because the affix has to be checked against a higher verb or auxiliary. Chomsky’s (1957) analysis of affix-hop has the affix connected with an auxiliary, e.g., the -en of have-en, move to a verb on its right, as in have see-en. This analysis is one of the high points of early generative grammar but, with each new instantiation of the generative model, it has needed adjustments and the phenomenon is still debated. I will elaborate on a proposal made in van Gelderen (2013) who argues that interpretable tense, mood, or aspect are in a low position being probed by the relevant uninterpretable features in a high position. This view I claim is consistent with data from change and acquisition. I also discuss the implications of this reliance on features for learnability and Universal Grammar.
paradigm function account of ‘mesoclisis’ in European Portuguese . In G. Booij and J. van Marle (eds.) Yearbook of morphology 2004 . Dordrecht : Kluwer . 177 – 228 .
Nevis , Joel A. and Brian D. Joseph . 1993 . Wackernagel affixes
This paper is concerned with the status of bound forms in compounds and other lexical items, but it ultimately aims at setting up a hierarchy of lexical items of various degrees of “freedom”, making use of clear-cut criteria applicable in at least one (fairly large) group of languages. In spite of the difficulties of the various (phonological, morphological, lexical, and semantic) definitions of ‘word’, Bloomfield’s characterization of minimum free forms is applied to designate items at the top of the hierarchy, which are called ‘autonomous words’. Bound forms that allow autonomous words to occur between them and the lexical item they are bound to are ‘dependent words’. The novelty of this paper lies in dividing the rest of the lexical items “below”, i.e., ‘nonwords’, into three groups: semiwords, affixoids, and affixes, based on a new application of a familiar operation, coordination reduction, which is shown to work both backward and forward for some items, but only backward reduction is possible for others.
In this paper, I will argue that the asyllabic /i/—a recurrent inflectional element in final position in Romanian words—is not a phoneme of the Romanian vowel system. I will present arguments which sustain that the morphological marker-
leads to the palatalization of the preceding consonant, resulting in a positional allophone of the consonant phoneme in complementary distribution with it.
] [ + c o n s o n a n t a l + o b s t r u e n t ] In an extensive study of the grammar of MSA, Ryding (2005) describes the assimilation that happens in the pattern of “ɪ-ta-a” and with the definite article “al-”. She points out that the affix /t/ in