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Abstract  

The diffusion of sulfur dioxide into partially iodine-doped poly (3-dodecylthiophene) and poly(hexadecylthiophene) has been studied. A direct dependence of the diffusion rate on the alkyl group lengths was ascertained. The diffusion rate could be increased by irradiation of the polymers.

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Abstract  

The present work is part of a broader research program on the energetics of formation of heterocycles, aiming the study of the enthalpic effects of the introduction of different substituents into heterocycles. In this work we present the results of the thermochemical research on sulphur heterocycles of the type substituted thiophenes with different kind of substituents, mainly alkyl, ester, acetyl, carboxamide, acetamide, carbonitrile and carboxaldehyde. The standard (p o=0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies of formation, in the condensed phase, at T=298.15 K, of a large number of substituted thiophenes, were derived from their standard massic energies of combustion, measured by rotating-bomb combustion calorimetry, while the standard molar enthalpies of vaporization or sublimation of those compounds were obtained either by high temperature Calvet Microcalorimetry, or by the temperature dependence of their vapour pressures determined by the Knudsen effusion technique. The standard molar enthalpies of formation, of the studied sulphur heterocycles in the gaseous phase, were then derived. The results are interpreted in terms of structural contributions to the energetics of the substituted thiophenes, the internal consistency of the results is discussed and, whenever appropriate and possible, empirical correlations are suggested for the estimation of standard molar enthalpies of formation, at T=298.15 K, of substituted thiophenes. A Table of enthalpic increments for different group substituents in positions 2 or 3 of the thiophene ring has been established.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Fatma Demir, Niko Van den Brande, Bruno Van Mele, Sabine Bertho, Dirk Vanderzande, Jean Manca, and Guy Van Assche

(alkylthiophene): fullerene bulk-heterojunction solar cells . Adv Funct Mater . 2007 ; 17 : 7 1071 – 1078 . 10.1002/adfm.200601038 . 7. Ma , WL , Yang , CY , Heeger , AJ . Spatial Fourier

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