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This paper focuses on the historical data that can be gathered from the sources about Alexander's campaign against nomadic tribes living around the Amu-darya and the Sir-darya. The identity of the Dahae and the Massagetae for Arrian is pointed out; the names “Dahae” and “Massagetae” are interpreted; the symbiosis between Sogdians and Dahae is touched upon, as well as the nomads called “royal Sakas” living beyond the Sir-darya; the geographical location of Nautaka in Bactria is determined; and the reliability of the reports of Alexander's campaign in Central Asia is illustrated with the examples of Sogdian proper names preserved by Arrian and Strabo.

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