Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 99 items for :

  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

oxide minerals for organic compound decomposition was concerned with the type of Mn oxide minerals [ 3 ]. Birnessite (δ-MnO 2 ) was one of the most common forms in soils [ 4 ] and was used to oxidize organic pollutants including substituted anilines [ 5

Restricted access

Abstract  

Reactions between aniline and dibromomethane (DBM) or 1,2-dibromoethane (DBE) produce fine glassy crystals at ordinary temperature. Due to these product formation processes, aniline fails to exert its scavenging action on bromine recoil reactions in these media.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The solid state reactions between ferrous oxalate dihydrate i.e. FeC2O4.2H2O and unsubstituted/ substituted aniline hydrochlorides have been studied. The products [FeCl/oxH/. AN-Cl] have been characterized by elemental analysis, infrared and Mössbauer spectroscopic techniques. The kinetic studies for the reactions have been performed at various temperatures for fixed particle sizes at constant compaction. The following order of reactivity has been observed: unsubstituted > p-substituted > m-substituted o-substituted.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Aniline-mustard and its glucuronide conjugate were radioiodinated with 131I. The preliminary dynamic tests were carried out on rabbits. The scintigrams showed clearly that the glucuronide conjugate of aniline-mustard was very quickly cleared from the metabolism, accumulating in the bladder in about 15 minutes. The clearance time of radioiodinated aniline-mustard-glucuronide was considerably longer (about 45 min.). The results obtained from the biodistributional studies have represented interesting differences between the metabolic details of radioiodinated compounds, and indicated that the glucuronide conjugate of aniline-mustard may be a promising radioiodinated prodrug, if verification of its selective accumulation in some kinds of tumor cells can be obtained.

Restricted access

Abstract  

-Irradiated KCl, KBr and KI are dissolved separately in the emulsion of water and aniline. Halogens as radiolytic products are extracted in aniline forming stable halogen-aniline complexes. Hole species from V2 and V3 centers and free halogens trapped in crystalline salts are solvated first in water phase during dissolution and immediately form complexes with aniline. A typical vibrational structure of absorption bands around 300 nm is observed. The yields of halogens and thereby complexes are found to depend upon the concentration of F and hole centers and the mesh of the salt.

Restricted access

The Sandmeyer reaction of anilines to generate aryl azides, followed by the Ru(porphyrin)CO-catalyzed addition to styrenes affording N-aryl aziridines was successfully performed for the first time in mesoreactors, under continuousflow conditions. Mesofluidic technology allowed for a rapid screening of different parameters and a quick identification of the optimized reaction conditions for the two separate steps. The two optimized reactions were then combined in a single continuous process that allowed a safe and efficient synthesis of N-arylaziridines from convenient commercially available starting materials.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Samples of an organic–inorganic hybrid were prepared by solvolysis and polycondensation in formic acid of tetraethoxysilane and diethylbenzyl phosphonate, simultaneous with the oxidative polymerization of aniline. The thermal behavior of the samples in dynamic air atmosphere and non-isothermal conditions was determined by a coupled thermogravimetric/evolved gas analysis. Two significant thermal events were established: the elimination from the polymeric matrix of low mass molecules, respectively the thermooxidative degradation of the organic part of the matrix. The kinetic analysis was performed with the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa, Friedman and modified Non-Parametric-Kinetic methods. Only the last one allowed an objective analysis of the first process as a process of two simultaneous thermally induced phenomena with the kinetic functions of the type αm(1 − α)n.

Restricted access

The kinetics of the initial stage of thermal decomposition of N-2,4,6 tetranitro-N-methyl aniline (tetryl) in condensed state has been investigated by high temperature infrared spectroscopy (IR) in conjunction with pyrolysis gas analysis and thermogravimetry (TG). The decomposition in KBr matrix in the temperature range of 131 to 145 °C shows rapid decrease in the N-NO2 band intensity as compared to the C-NO2 band. Decomposition products in the initial stage show mainly NO2 gas and picric acid. The studies show that the initial stage of decomposition of tetryl occurs by the rupture of the N-NO2 bond and the energy of activation for this process is 177 kJ/mol.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Solid state reactivity between iron/II/oxalate dihydrate, i.e., FeC2O4.2H2O and para-chloro aniline hydrochloride, i.e., p-ClC6H4NH2.HCl has been studied at 373, 393 and 413 K. The reaction seems to follow the diffusion controlled mechanism. The product, [FeCl/oxH/.AN–Cl], has been characterized by elemental analysis, infrared and Mössbauer spectroscopic techniques, mass spectrometry and derivatographic methods /TG, DTA/.

Restricted access

Summary Thermo-XRD-analysis is applied to identify whether or not the adsorbed organic species penetrates into the interlayer space of the smectites mineral. In this technique an oriented smectite sample is gradually heated to temperatures above the irreversible dehydration of the clay, and after each thermal treatment is diffracted by X-ray at ambient conditions. In the thermal treatment of organo-clays, under air atmosphere at temperatures above 250°C, the organic matter is in part oxidized and charcoal is formed from the organic carbon. In inert atmosphere e.g. under vacuum above 250°C the organic matter is pyrolyzed and besides small molecules, charcoal is formed. If the adsorbed organic compound is located in the interlayer space, the charcoal is formed in that space, preventing the collapse of the clay. A basal spacing of above 1.12 nm suggests that during the adsorption the organic compound penetrated into the interlayer space. Thermo-XRD-analyses of montmorillonite complexes with anilines, fatty acids, alizarinate, protonated Congo red and of complexes of other smectites with acridine orange are described. To obtain information about spacings of the different tactoids that comprise the clay mixture, curve-fitting calculations on the X-ray diffractograms were adapted.

Restricted access