]. Anthraquinones are known by their vital pharmacological activities including antioxidant [ 13 ], antimalarial, antituberculosis [ 14 ], and antimicrobial [ 15 ]. Also, many authors have studied the anticancer activity of anthraquinones against different tumor
raw-milk cheeses. They contribute to cheese ripening via biochemical reactions and provide a unique taste and flavor to products ( Centeno et al., 2022 ). In addition, Enterococcus spp. have antimicrobial activity enabling them to compete with other
exert their specific antimicrobial effects in vinegars, proven on various microorganisms, including food-borne pathogens like Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhi ( Priyadarshini et al., 2014 ; Soorya et al., 2019 ).
Next to their health
pathogens, such as Enterobacteriaceae , Staphylococcus aureus , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Salmonella sp. ect… [ 2 ]. The wide application of synthetic antibiotics as antimicrobial substances caused resistance behavior among the microbial communities
to Asparagus acutifolius and Asparagus officinalis , whose antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-proliferation properties have not been studied before, were determined. A. acutifolius and A. officinalis belong to the family Liliaceae. In
, T. V. , Reshmy , V. , Kumar , K. S. , George , S. ( 2012 ) A mini review on the antimicrobial peptides isolated from the genus Hylarana (Amphibia: Anura) with a proposed nomenclature for amphibian skin peptides . Mol. Biol. Rep. 29 , 6943
, current market conditions fail to incentivize major pharmaceutical companies towards antimicrobial research and development.
Peptidoglycan is comprised of glycan chains of alternating amino sugars ( N -acetylglucosamine and N -acetylmuramic acid
Even in asymptomatic cases of Chlamydia trachomatis infection, the aim of the antibiotic strategy is eradication of the pathogen so as to avoid the severe late sequelae, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and tubal infertility. Although first-line antimicrobial agents have been demonstrated to be predominantly successful in the treatment of C. trachomatis infection, treatment failures have been observed in some cases. Rich source of antimicrobial peptides was recently discovered in Medicago species, which act in plants as differentiation factors of the endosymbiotic bacterium partner. Several of these symbiotic plant peptides have proved to be potent killers of various bacteria in vitro. We show here that 7 of 11 peptides tested exhibited antimicrobial activity against C. trachomatis D, and that the killing activity of these peptides is most likely due to their interaction with specific bacterial targets.