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419 Brauer, T., Grossenbacher, R.: Blindness following reduction of a malar fracture. HNO, 2007, 55 , 211–216. Grossenbacher R

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The present study investigated how sighted and blind sensory assessors evaluated the quality of various apple varieties: Regal Prince (Gala Must), Jonagold Schneica (Jonica), Watson Jonathan, Golden Reinders and Generos. A total of 80 sighted and 12 blind people participated in the study, in three groups (sighted people without blindfolds, sighted people with blindfolds, blind people). The preference of sensory attributes (size, shape, colour, texture, taste and odour) was evaluated on a six-category scale. The data were analysed using single-factor (ANOVA, LSD95%, 99%) and multi-factor (Cluster analysis, ANOVA, LSD95%, 99%) evaluation. The results showed that blind and sighted assessors made similar judgements on external attributes perceptible by touch (size, shape), but differed in their evaluation of certain quality factors (flavour, taste), resulting in opponent patterns of preference on some apple varieties (Generos, Jonagold Schneica). A further conclusion of the experiment is that there was less deviation between the judgements of sighted assessors when they saw the apples than when they were blindfolded. The background of this phenomenon might be explained by the uncertainty and disturbed perception, which lead to inconsistent judgements.

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Vak gyermekek nyelv- és beszédfejlődésének sajátos vonásai és háttere

Special characteristics and background of speech and language development in blind children

Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle
Authors:
Emese Pajor
,
Anna Mária Beke
, and
Valéria Csépe

verbal processing in blind subject . Nature Neuroscience , 7 ( 11 ), 1266 – 1270 . Amedi , A. , Jacobson , G. , Hendler , T. , Malach , R. , & Zohary , E. ( 2002

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Hátsószegmens-betegségek okozta látásromlás és vakság Magyarországon az 50 évnél idősebb korú lakosság körében

Visual impairment and blindness caused by posterior segment diseases in Hungary in people aged 50 years and older

Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
Gábor Tóth
,
Dorottya Szabó
,
Gábor László Sándor
,
Zoltán Zsolt Nagy
,
Hans Limburg
, and
János Németh

5, 2021]. 2 Németh J, Tóth G, Resnikoff S, de Faber JT. Preventing blindness and visual impairment in Europe: what do we have to do? Eur J

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( Delwiche, 2012 ). The involvement of people with visual disability in sensory analysis of fruits showing defects allowed the blind consumer’s acceptance to ‘go beyond the appearances’ ( Bartolini et al., 2015 , 2017 ). To overcome the consumers

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Magdalena Drążek-Kubiak
,
Marcin Lew
, and
Sylwia Lew

Cone degeneration (cd; day blindness) is one of the inherited retinal diseases of dogs. Its diagnosis is based on vision testing, fundoscopy, electroretinography (ERG) and, for some breeds, on genetic tests. Typical signs of the disease are day blindness and cone dysfunction during ERG while fundoscopy does not show any abnormalities. The aim of this study was to compare behavioural findings, fundoscopic lesions and electroretinographic alterations in 12 cd-affected dogs (Alaskan Malamute, Labrador Retriever, German Shepherd, Dachshund, Yorkshire Terrier, Shih Tzu, Siberian Husky and crossbreeds) examined at our clinic. None of the examined dogs had any fundoscopic lesions, and all of them had normal scotopic vision with strongly impaired or absent photopic vision. Light-adapted transient, cone-mediated and steady-state, 31-Hz cone flicker ERGs were much below the 5th percentile limits of normality or even unrecordable, while the rod-driven ERGs were within normal values. Vision test and ERG results corresponded to each other and, combined with the results of fundoscopy, were typical of cd. To date, our research is one of the few studies in the world presenting ERG alterations compared with vision test findings and fundoscopic results in the course of cd.

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Szemészeti eredmények Magyarország átfogó egészségvédelmi szűrőprogramjában, 2011–2022

Ophthalmological results in the Hungarian comprehensive health care screening program, 2011–2022

Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
János Németh
,
Zoltán Zsolt Nagy
,
Beáta Tapasztó
,
Tennó Daiki
,
Miklós Resch
,
Gergely Dankovics
, and
István Barna

impairment and blindness caused by posterior segment diseases in Hungary in people aged 50 years and older. [Hátsószegmens-betegségek okozta látásromlás és vakság Magyarországon az 50 évnél idősebb

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
Gusztáv Klenk
,
József Katona
,
Gábor Kenderfi
,
János Lestyán
,
Katalin Gombos
, and
Andor Hirschberg

, El Attar A. Acute retrobulbar haemorrhage complicating a malar fracture. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1982; 40: 234–236. 8 Heinze JB, Hueston JT. Blindness after blepharoplasty; mechanism

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306 Tanamly, M. D., Tadros, F., Labeeb, S. és mtsai: Randomised double-blinded trial evaluating silymarin for chronic hepatitis C in an Egyptian village: study description and

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role of endosymbiotic Wolbachia bacteria in the pathogenesis of river blindness. Science 295, 1892–1895 (2002) Pearlman E. The role of endosymbiotic Wolbachia bacteria in the

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