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. 16 It is evident that such legal and public provisions resorted to the same mechanics as that of defixiones. Sacratio capitis, devotio , Blood and Tears

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Abstract  

The aim of this study is to understand some properties and thermal behavior of blood, giving a possible alternative tool which differs from the traditional blood diagnostic methods, and to improve investigations in hematology and artificial bloods. Wistar rat blood samples (WRBS); SHR rat blood samples (SHRBS) and human blood samples (HBS) were analyzed. TG curves showed two decomposition stages for HBS at around 100 and 230C (T onset), while three mass degradation stages for WRBS (70, 110, 270C) and SHRBS (70, 120, 270C) could be observed. DSC peaks showed five endotherms for HBS at 65, 82, 194, 201 and 309C and three endotherms for WRBS at 83, 184 and 313C.

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Á. Horváth, P. Sántha, V. Horváth, Nóra Török, I. Nagy, G. Jancsó, Cs. Vágvölgyi, and F. Somogyvári

52 145 149 Campbell, D. B., Hess, E. J. (1997) Rapid genotyping of mutant mice using dried blood spots for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis

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changes in plasma proteins, sodium retention, potassium loss, and increase in blood sugar [ 2 ]. Higher levels of sympathetic activity and noradrenaline result in less insulin secretion. A rise in the level of gluconeogenesis and the less

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In order to examine the effect of exogenous melatonin on selected biochemical variables of the blood in ruminants, dairy cows were given the pineal gland hormone in the dose of 0.1 mg/kg body weight. One and four hours after melatonin administration blood samples were collected from the cows in the control and the treated group in order to determine the levels of glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, free fatty acids, as well as the activities of alanine and aspartate aminotransferase. The pineal gland hormone caused a significant increase in the levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides, slight increases in glucose and insulin levels, and a significant decrease in the concentration of free fatty acids. Melatonin did not exert an effect on the activity of liver enzymes.

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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors: S. Maghraoui, Simona Clichici, A. Ayadi, C. Login, R. Moldovan, D. Daicoviciu, N. Decea, A. Mureşan, and L. Tekaya

Aluminum (Al) and indium (In) have embryotoxic, neurotoxic and genotoxic effects, oxidative stress being one of the possible mechanisms involved in their cytotoxicity. We have recently demonstrated that indium intraperitoneal (ip) administration induced histological disorganization of testicular tissue. In the present research we aimed at investigating the effect of Al and In ip administration on systemic and testicular oxidative stress status. Studies were performed on Wistar rats ip injected with Al, In or physiological solution for two weeks. Our results showed that In significantly decreased the absolute weight of testicles. Measurements of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and paraoxonase (PON) activities showed that In induced a significant augmentation in the first parameter but no changes were observed in the second. Both Al and In caused oxidative stress in testicles by increasing malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyls (PC) production. Concomitantly, thiol group (—SH) and glutathione (GSH) level were enhanced in the testicles. In the blood, while concentrations of MDA was not changed, those of GSH was significantly decreased in the Al and In groups. Our results indicated that Al and In cause oxidative stress both in blood and testicles but In has cytotoxic effect as well as negative impact on testicle weights. These findings could explain the testicular histological alterations previously described after In ip administration.

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Parati, G., Bilo, G., Mancia G.: Blood pressure measurement in research and in clinical practice: recent evidence. Curr. Opin. Nephrol. Hypertens., 2004, 13 , 343–357. Mancia G

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When evaluating the effects of yeast culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae1026) supplied with or without a vitamin premix and mineral bioplexes on some intermediates and end-products involved in the synthesis of milk constituents in 30 early-lactation Black and White Lowland cows, no significant differences were found in the glucose level, mineral contents and enzyme activities of the blood serum. The effect of yeast culture on the availability of minerals for milk synthesis depended upon the dynamics of degradation of mineral bioplexes in the rumen and the cows' mineral status. The insignificant increase found in blood total protein content and the simultaneous small differences in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and milk urea nitrogen (MUN) values in cows supplied with the yeast culture were probably associated with a high ammonia incorporation into microbial protein in the rumen, which increased protein supply for milk protein synthesis and decreased the nitrogen loss.

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. : Molecular detection of Brucella spp. in the semen, testis and blood samples of cattle and sheep . J Pure Appl Microbio 7 , 495 – 500 ( 2013 ). 4. Ouahrani-Bettache , S

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Physiology International
Authors: Vickie Wong, Zachary W. Bell, Robert W. Sptiz, Jun Seob Song, Yujiro Yamada, Takashi Abe, and Jeremy P. Loenneke

Introduction When an individual goes from a supine to a head-up tilt position, there is typically an immediate drop in blood pressure followed by maintenance or recovery. However, there are some individuals that present

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