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represents the interests of the owners and this unit consists of the managers of the company (insiders) and individuals who are independent of the company (outsiders). In the two-tiered structure, there are two boards. The first is called the Board of

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represents the interests of the owners and this unit consists of the managers of the company (insiders) and individuals who are independent of the company (outsiders). In the two-tiered structure, there are two boards. The first is called the Board of

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Abstract  

This paper analyses the nationalities of the editorial board members of the top 20 journals (according to their impact factor in the ISI Journal Citation Report, Science Edition 2005) serving 15 scientific disciplines. A total of 281 journals were analysed (some journals crossed disciplinary boundaries) and 10,055 of their editorial board members were identified. Some 53% of board members were from the United States. Europe provided 32%, with the United Kingdom making the greatest contribution (9.8%). The analysis of scientific output by nationality in these journals showed a significant correlation, in all disciplines, with the representation of the corresponding nations on the editorial boards. The composition of editorial boards may therefore provide a useful indicator for measuring a country’s international scientific visibility. The present results should be taken into account in the design of national policies with the aim of enhancing the presence of a country’s most prestigious scientists on the editorial boards of the main international journals.

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Authors: Zoltán Rónay, Dominik Antonowicz and Marta Jaworska

Absztrakt:

A tanulmány két viszonylag új felsőoktatási reformot vizsgál Lengyelországban és Magyarországon. Mindkettő egyfajta board (felügyelő testület) bevezetésére irányult különböző elnevezéssel. Az összehasonlító tanulmány alapja a két ország közös (kommunista) múltja, földrajzi helyzete (kelet-közép-európai térség) és a humboldti egyetemi modell öröksége. Az elemzés a reformok előzményeinek bemutatása után magát a két nemzeti reformot vizsgálja, megvilágítva a különbségeket és hasonlóságokat a lengyel egyetemi tanács és a magyar konzisztórium felépítése, hatásköre és felelőssége, valamint az egyetemi autonómiához való viszonya tekintetében. Ezzel is hozzá kíván járulni a boardizmusról jelenleg folyó szakmai diskurzushoz, értékelvén annak bevezetését e két (hasonló) nemzeti felsőoktatásban.

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] Fiedrich J. ( 2001 ), Dry installation of a radiant floor or wall hydronic heating system, metal radiating plates that attach to the edges of side-by-side boards and provide metal slots for holding hot water

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Authors: Belén Vela, Paloma Cáceres and José María Cavero

representation. The goal of our study is twofold: we first wish to analyze the participation rate of women as authors and as editors in SE publications and we then wish to analyze whether women are underrepresented on editorial boards and as editors

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proxy for knowledge creation. The gate-keeping process undertaken by editorial boards, whereby comments are provided and only few studies are chosen for publication out of a large number of submissions, is often perceived to be an indicator of the

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Authors: Anna Villarroya, Maite Barrios, Angel Borrego and Amparo Frías

Abstract  

In this study we analyse gender equality in the preparation, supervision and defence of PhD theses in Spain in the period 1990–2004. The results indicate a tendency towards greater equality in the number of men and women successfully completing doctoral studies. However, the gender imbalance among thesis supervisors and on thesis assessment boards is more apparent, with a predominance of male academics. Moreover, the gender of the PhD student is clearly related to the gender of the supervisor, and both are related to the gender of the members of the assessment boards of PhD theses in Spain.

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Abstract  

The representation of scientists from different countries in the editorial boards of the most influential journals from 48 fields of biomedical and clinical research was studied. Scientists from the USA were best represented, followed by scientists from the UK, FRG, Switzerland, Japan, Sweden, Canada, The Netherlands and Italy. The scientifically most productive countries provided most of the editors. For Dutch editors a strong correlation was found between the number of editorships held and the number of papers authored or measures of scientific eminence. Conceivably, scientific productivity and eminence may be important reasons for being asked as an editor. However, national biases play a role too in the composition of editorial boards.

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The paper describes a cartonnage mummy-board discovered during the excavation of TT -61-. In addition to an analysis of the find context and the texts written on the board, it gives a detailed discussion of the painted designs, showing that mummy-boards with reticulate pattern composition already appeared in the Twentieth Dynasty. It is also argued that this kind of decoration was to express the substantial identity of the deceased with Osiris.

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