Authors:H. K. Pintér, K. K. Boros, E. Pálfi, and G. Veres
, compared with healthy controls [ 5 ]. These results make it obvious that without body-composition analysis, the usefulness of measuring height and weight and calculating BMI is severely limited. Despite the results mentioned above, according to Kugathasan
Authors:S. Fekete, I. Szakáll, Emma Kósa, Emese Andrásofszky, Kinga Fodor, A. Hidas, and J. Tőzsér
Amount , G. , Poisot , F. , Saminadin , G. , Borel , H. and Alexandre , G. ( 1994 ): Body condition score and adipose cell size determination for in vivo assessment of bodycomposition and postmortem predictors of carcass components of
Thibault, R., Genton, L., Pichard, C.: Bodycomposition: Why, when and for who? Clin. Nutr., 2012, 31 (4), 435–447.
Obesity and overweight.
Authors:A.K. Tyka, M. Chwastowski, T. Cison, T. Palka, A. Tyka, Z. Szygula, W. Pilch, M. Strzala, and M. Cepero
The aim of the study was to determine whether creatine malate (CML) supplementation results in similar ergogenic effect in sprinters and long-distance runners. The other goal was to compare changes in body composition, physical performance and hormone levels after six-week training in athletes, divided into subgroups supplemented with creatine malate or taking placebo.
Six-week supplementation combined with physical training induced different effects in athletes. Significantly higher increases in relative and absolute peak power and total work (p < 0.05) were found in sprinters compared to other groups. Except for growth hormone, post-exercise venous blood serum hormone levels exhibited no statistically significant differences in athletes. After CML loading period, a significant increase in growth hormone was found in the group of sprinters.
A significant ergogenic effect was found in sprinters, which was reflected by the increase in anaerobic exercise indices and morphological indices and elevated growth hormone level, after graded exercise testing. The significant increase in the distance covered during graded test was only observed in supplemented long-distance runners, whereas no significant changes in maximal oxygen uptake, relative peak power and relative total work were noticed. This could be caused by later anaerobic threshold appearance in exercise test to exhaustion.
Authors:JA Rubio-Arias, P Esteban, F Martínez, DJ Ramos-Campo, S Mendizábal, D Berdejo-del-Fresno, and JF Jiménez-Díaz
potential might be . Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 108 , 877 – 904 ( 2010 )
22. Roelants M , Delecluse C , Goris M , Verschueren S : Effects of 24 weeks of whole body vibration training on bodycomposition and muscle strength in untrained females