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Nutritional intake and body composition in children with inflammatory bowel disease

Oral presentation at the 13th Conference of the Hungarian Medical Association of America – Hungary Chapter (HMAA-HC) at 30–31 August 2019, in Balatonfüred, Hungary

Developments in Health Sciences
Authors: H. K. Pintér, K. K. Boros, E. Pálfi, and G. Veres

, compared with healthy controls [ 5 ]. These results make it obvious that without body-composition analysis, the usefulness of measuring height and weight and calculating BMI is severely limited. Despite the results mentioned above, according to Kugathasan

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601 612 Székely M, Balaskó M, Soós S, Pétervári E (2012): Peptidergic Regulation of Food Intake: Changes Related to Age and Body Composition. In: Food Intake: Regulation, Assessing and

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: S. Fekete, I. Szakáll, Emma Kósa, Emese Andrásofszky, Kinga Fodor, A. Hidas, and J. Tőzsér

. Amount , G. , Poisot , F. , Saminadin , G. , Borel , H. and Alexandre , G. ( 1994 ): Body condition score and adipose cell size determination for in vivo assessment of body composition and postmortem predictors of carcass components of

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.fightmalnutrition.eu/fileadmin/content/fight_malnutrition/methodology/Guideline_Screening_and_Treatment_of_Malnutrition_English_July_2012.pdf Thibault, R., Genton, L., Pichard, C.: Body composition: Why, when and for who? Clin. Nutr., 2012, 31 (4), 435–447. Obesity and overweight. www

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Purpose

The aim of the study was to determine whether creatine malate (CML) supplementation results in similar ergogenic effect in sprinters and long-distance runners. The other goal was to compare changes in body composition, physical performance and hormone levels after six-week training in athletes, divided into subgroups supplemented with creatine malate or taking placebo.

Results

Six-week supplementation combined with physical training induced different effects in athletes. Significantly higher increases in relative and absolute peak power and total work (p < 0.05) were found in sprinters compared to other groups. Except for growth hormone, post-exercise venous blood serum hormone levels exhibited no statistically significant differences in athletes. After CML loading period, a significant increase in growth hormone was found in the group of sprinters.

Conclusions

A significant ergogenic effect was found in sprinters, which was reflected by the increase in anaerobic exercise indices and morphological indices and elevated growth hormone level, after graded exercise testing. The significant increase in the distance covered during graded test was only observed in supplemented long-distance runners, whereas no significant changes in maximal oxygen uptake, relative peak power and relative total work were noticed. This could be caused by later anaerobic threshold appearance in exercise test to exhaustion.

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Wilmore JH: Body composition in sport and exercise: Directions for future research. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 15, 21-31 (1983) Body composition in sport and exercise

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Conway JM, Norris KH, Bodwell CE: A new approach for the estimation of body composition: infrared interactance. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 40, 1123–1130 (1984) Bodwell C.E. A new approach for

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. Nutr. 2006 95 59 66 Hetland ML, Haarbo J, Christiansen C: Regional body composition determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Relation to training, sex hormones, and serum lipids in male long

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reduces insulin resistance in obese children independently of changes in body composition. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 92, 4230–4235 (2007) Davis E.A. Exercise alone reduces insulin

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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors: JA Rubio-Arias, P Esteban, F Martínez, DJ Ramos-Campo, S Mendizábal, D Berdejo-del-Fresno, and JF Jiménez-Díaz

potential might be . Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 108 , 877 – 904 ( 2010 ) 22. Roelants M , Delecluse C , Goris M , Verschueren S : Effects of 24 weeks of whole body vibration training on body composition and muscle strength in untrained females

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