Bonemarrow is the largest hematopoietic organ in mammals. It compounds from 3% to 5% of total body weight  . Hematopoiesis in bones begins at the prenatal period and continues throughout life  . Therefore
immunomodulatory effects of PQ to murine bonemarrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), which differ from the macrophage cell lines in the cytokine profiles, the phagocytic process and the ability to evoke oxidative burst ( Trouplin et al., 2013 ). Therefore, the aim of
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Therapeutic angiogenesis for patients with limb ischemia by autologous transplantation of bonemarrow cells: a pilot study and a randomized controlled trial. Lancet, 2002,