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During the last few years around a dozen boycotts have been called in Hungary; there are several ecologically and socially aware food-communities directly linking consumers and producers; at the end of 2006 a Fair Trade shop opened in Budapest, and there are product campaigns which accentuate various patriotic themes. All of these initiatives signal the emergence of new attitudes and values, a new type of behavior, that of ethical consumption . Ethical consumption, new kinds of consumer needs are influencing market culture through the creation of various market-niches (see corporate social responsibility); furthermore, the wide-scale spread of ethical consumption can even lead to the transformation of market functions. The modern market is going from a mainly economic space to an area of moral action, a tool of regulation and social participation. As a social movement ethical consumerism can effect political culture and play an important role in public policy aiming towards sustainable development. According to West-European literature as well as to concrete experience ethical consumerism is more and more playing this role, the local appearance of the movement beckons the question: what sort of values and institutions characterize this new consumer culture, and which of these can we encounter in Hungary? The first part of this study deals with the phenomena of ethical consumption: it gives an overview of the literature, explicating the main research themes, and introducing its distinctive, most often examined forms of action. In the second part of the study, out of the interpretational possibilities, I look at ethical consumption as political consumption, as a form of social governance, examining its relevance as a way of public participation. I try to find an answer to the question whether the spread of ethical consumption should be imagined at the demise of classical political institutions, or as complementary to them, and which ethical issues are most likely to mobilize the public. The study is primarily based on data describing Hungarian political participatory culture, as well as an attitude survey of a representative sample. At the end of the study I will briefly refer to the possible causes of differences in ethical consumption attitudes and behaviors.

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
Kinga Hadzsiev
,
Mónika Szőts
,
Anett Fekete
,
László Balikó
,
Kim Boycott
,
Ferenc Nagy
, and
Béla Melegh

Absztrakt:

Egy Huntington-betegségre utaló tünetegyüttest produkáló betegben a huntingtin mutáció negatív volta miatt nemzetközi kollaboráció keretén belül exom-szekvenálás (whole exome sequencing – WES) készült. Betegünkben a WES során a VPS13A gén 34 exonjában egy homozigóta G>A cserét detektáltunk, ami az 1301-es kodonon egy prematurus stopkodont eredményez. Az eltérés ismert patogén mutáció. Közleményünkben a módszer fontosságára szeretnénk rámutatni nagyon ritka, nem specifikus megjelenést mutató neurológiai kórképek diagnosztikájában. Orv Hetil. 2017; 158(42): 1681–1684.

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Abstract  

Scientific collaboration is growing in its importance; more so in Asian and African countries. This paper examines the scenario of science and scientific collaboration in South Africa which had passed through the colonial and apartheid regimes before it became a democracy in 1994. South African science under distinct political periods moved through some difficult periods but it did not badly affect the progress and direction of South African science. Science and scientific collaboration continued to grow under its major political phases amidst serious challenges. Despite internal conflict and boycott by the international scientific community, South Africa could move onto a stable and steady path of growth in science and collaboration under apartheid which is being carried on in the new South Africa. Collaborative research is encouraged at various levels of knowledge production and in science. The importance science and scientific development is gaining in today’s South Africa is remarkable.

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Change is a constant truth in a modern society; an organization no longer faces environments as stable as they used to be. In the face of the stronger market competition, an organization should deliberately consider and make proper responses in the operation in order to cope with the changeable environment and sustain the organizational life. When facing the changes in markets, an organization not only needs to constantly consider the changes in external environments, but also has to face the boycott or resistance of internal members to the organizational change. The effects of Human Resource Management System on Organizational Commitment therefore become critical.We have taken the Hsinchu Science Park as the research sample, in which the employees and supervisors of manufacturers have been randomly sampled. A total of 600 copies of questionnaires were e-mailed and 276 valid copies were retrieved, with the retrieval rate of 46%. The research results conclude significant correlations between 1. Human Resource Management System and Organizational Commitment, 2. Organizational Commitment and Business Performance, and 3. Human Resource Management System and Business Performance.

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Society and Economy
Authors:
Volodymyr Kulikov
,
Mykhaylo Simanovskyy
,
Abigail Eichenberg
, and
Ksenija Angelina Braese

activists urged international companies to withdraw from Russia or to embrace “self-sanctions” ( KSE Institute 2023 ). They used a variety of methods to put pressure on these companies, including nudging, shaming, boycotting, and protesting in front of their

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can be divided into six groups of consumer action: non-consumption (non-use of certain products), boycott (intentional non-use of certain products), value-based regular shopping (daily purchase of organic products), positive boycott (purchase of a

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. However, the current curriculum and teaching practices reproduce the images and bias about people from Africa rooted in colonialism, who need the assistance and redemption of the Whites. Instead of this, movements such as the Bristol Bus Boycotts or

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boycott of East India Company tea, Pennsylvania Gazette , 20 October 1773 at para. 6. Ibid. para. 7. Committees of Correspondence. John Adams, Diary, Braintree

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London 317 . A.E. Boycott 1934 The habitats of land Mollusca in Britain Journal of Animal Ecology

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. https://www.reuters.com/business/autos-transportation/made-russia-chinese-cars-drive-revival-russias-auto-factories-2023-07-20/ . Sonne , P. – Ruiiz , R. ( 2023 ): How Putin Turned a Western Boycott into a Bonanza . New York Times . https

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