Afonso, A. - Sequeira, A. (2010): Revisiting BusinessCycle Synchronisation in the European Union. Working Papers , Department of Economics at the School of Economics and Management (ISEG), Technical University
in particular the Austrian BusinessCycle Theory (ABCT). Consequently, there seems to be a need either to exploit strong sides of both of them or to adopt some more pragmatic stance that will not be focused so much on the proper description of a model
not only identifies the potential turning points but also ensures that the peaks and troughs alternate over time. In this way the true businesscycles are identified along with their respective durations, amplitudes and cumulative impacts. These are
The study introduces a Hungarian economic thinker, István Varga, whose valuable activity has remained unexplored up to now. He became an economic thinker during the 1920s, in a country that had not long before become independent of Austria. The role played by Austria in the modern economic thinking of that time was a form of competition with the thought adhered to by the UK and the USA. Hungarian economists mainly interpreted and commented on German and Austrian theories, reasons for this being that, for example, the majority of Hungarian economists had studied at German and Austrian universities, while at Hungarian universities principally German and Austrian economic theories were taught.
István Varga was familiar not only with contemporary German economics but with the new ideas of Anglo-Saxon economics as well — and he introduced these ideas into Hungarian economic thinking. He lived and worked in turbulent times, and historians have only been able to appreciate his activity in a limited manner. The work of this excellent economist has all but been forgotten, although he was of international stature.
After a brief summary of Varga’s profile the study will demonstrate the lasting influence he has had in four areas — namely, business cycle research and national income estimations, the 1946 Hungarian stabilisation program, corporate profit, and consumption economics — and will go on to summarise his most important achievements.