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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Sergio Villanueva-Saz, Jacobo Giner, Antonio Fernández, María Magdalena Alcover, Cristina Riera, Roser Fisa, Andrés Yzuel, Ana González, Diana Marteles, and Maite Verde

Feline leishmaniosis (FeL) is a disease caused by Leishmania infantum and transmitted by the bite of an infected female phlebotomine sand fly under natural conditions ( Pennisi et al., 2015 ). In cats, this disease has often been

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Maria Liodaki, Gregory Spanakos, Michael Samarkos, George L. Daikos, Varvara Christopoulou, and Evangelia-Theophano Piperaki

, the first three most frequently reported ( Kaiser et al., 2011 ; Okaro et al., 2017 ). The domestic cat is considered the natural reservoir for B. henselae and B. clarridgeiae and Ctenocephalides felis serves as competent vector for

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Steriade, M., Curro Dossi, R., Paré, D., Oakson, G. (1991) Fast oscillations (20-40 Hz) in thalamocortical systems and their potentiation by mesopontine cholinergic nuclei in the cat. Neurobiology 88, 4396-4400. Fast oscillations

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Introduction Infectious respiratory disease in cats is a common problem, and especially young animals may be affected with severe, sometimes lethal pneumonia. Pneumonia in cats can be caused by a large variety of pathogens including viruses

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Sára Kiszely, Mónika Gyurkovszky, Norbert Solymosi, and Róbert Farkas

From 61 settlements of 12 Hungarian counties, 303 domestic cats were included in this survey. Between autumn 2016 and spring 2018, fresh faecal samples were randomly collected and examined by flotation and by the Baermann–Wetzel method for the presence of lungworm infection. No eggs of Eucoleus aerophilus were detected. Morphological identification of first instar larvae (L1) was also carried out. In the faeces of 60 cats (19.8%) from 17 settlements and Budapest, L1 of Aelurostrongylus abstrusus were found. More than half of the cats were from the western part of the country. The average number of larvae per gram of faeces was 190.2 ± 304.88. These results are in line with the former findings on the prevalence of aelurostrongylosis of domestic cats in Hungary. In addition, Oslerus rostratus was also found for the first time in the faecal samples of three cats from the eastern part of the country, infected also with Ae. abstrusus. The average age (2.51 ± 1.26 years) of infected cats indicates that lungworm infection is more common among younger cats. No relationship was found between the lung-worm infection and the sex of cats. Non-neutered cats had a significantly higher proportion of lungworm infections. Two-thirds of the infected cats were apparently healthy, and only 19 individuals showed clinical signs of respiratory disorders.

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Adenoviral nucleic acid was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in pharyngeal and rectal swab samples of a cat seropositive for adenovirus and suffering from transient hepatic failure. The samples were taken at a one-year interval, and both faecal samples as well as the second pharyngeal sample were positive in PCR performed with general adenovirus primers. The size of the amplified products corresponded to that of the positive control. The identity of the amplicons was also confirmed by DNA sequencing. The 301 bp long hexon gene fragment was very similar to but distinguishable from the corresponding hexon sequence of human adenovirus type 2. This result suggests the possibility of persistent carrier status and shedding of adenovirus in cats.

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The objective of this study was to determine the presence of Malassezia spp. in the external ear canal of cats with and without otitis. Forty-five animals were studied, 20 with and 25 without otitis externa (OE). Cerumen or secretion from external ear canal samples was cultured on modified Mycosel agar and sterile olive oil was added to the surface of the medium before specimen seeding. The isolates were analysed for macro- and micromorphology and identified by catalase tests and on the basis of growth on Tween 20, 40, 60 and 80. Malassezia spp. were isolated from 15 out of 20 (75%) animals with otitis and from 7 out of 25 (28%) cats without OE; the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P ≤ 0.05). Malassezia pachydermatis and M. sympodialis were isolated from 60% (12/20) and 40% (8/20) of cats with otitis, respectively, with no significant difference in the frequency of isolation between the two species. In the microflora of the healthy ear canal M. pachydermatis was significantly more common (6/25, 24%) than M. sympodialis (1/25, 4%). The present investigation confirms that M. sympodialis can also act as an aetiological agent of feline OE, and if commercial veterinary laboratories do not use media with added lipids for the isolation of Malassezia spp., this might lead to false-negative results.

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Adenoviral nucleic acid was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of a cat that had suffered from disseminated adenovirus infection. The identity of the amplified products from the hexon and DNA-dependent DNA polymerase genes was confirmed by DNA sequencing. The sequences were clearly distinguishable from corresponding hexon and polymerase sequences of other mastadenoviruses, including human adenoviruses. These results suggest the possible existence of a distinct feline adenovirus.

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Two cases of feline vaccine-associated fibrosarcoma (FVAF) are reported. The excised tumours were both characterised as well circumscribed, subcutaneous, firm and white with central necrosis. Histopathologically, they consisted of well-differentiated and variably sized and shaped anaplastic cells, characterised by marked nuclear and cellular pleomorphism including giant cells. The mitotic activity was low. Aluminium was demonstrated in the central necrosis and giant cells. Neoplastic cells were positive for vimentin and negative for desmin and cytokeratin. The presence of feline sarcoma virus and feline immunodeficiency virus could not be detected by PCR in either case.

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Nano-composite cation-exchanger polyvinyl alcohol Sn(IV) tungstate

Preparation, characterization, thermodynamic study and its analytical application for the adsorption of aniline

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Ali Mohammad, Inamuddin, and Arshi Amin

the particle size and surface morphology of composite. Controlling anisotropic behaviour of composite materials at the nanoscopic level is one of the most challenging issues for the material scientists. In this study, composite cation

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