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in mathematics to 9.41 in physics. Different studies have investigated the impact of team work on the citation rate of publications and come to some interesting results (Narin et al. 1991 ). Generally speaking, research collaboration enhances

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Introduction Traditional co-citation analysis does not take into account the proximity of references co-cited by an article. Some references are cited within the same sentence, whereas other references may be cited in further

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Introduction A citation can be thought of as a token that is used to assess the influence of a given entity (e.g., author, group, publication). Generally, the higher the number of citations received by an entity, the more

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Introduction Informetrics is not only the study of regularities (the so-called informetric laws) or of citation counting and its consequences; it is also the study of related algebraic structures such as graphs or networks. In

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Introduction The study of citation distribution allows both historical and prospective analysis of the impact of a corpus of publications over time. In general, it is agreed that an influential paper is likely to earn a number

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Introduction Citation index, as the basic tool for citation analysis, is an ordered list of cited documents, each accompanied by a list of citing documents (Malin 1968 ). The pioneer work of modern citation index was done by

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—incomplete, erroneous, ambiguous, redundant, or simply wrong. Also, the uncontrolled and decentralized nature of the Web is said to simplify manipulating and biasing Web-based publication and citation metrics. However, there have been a few attempts at processing the

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given to the logically-prior conceptual issue of what the theoretically ideal summary bibliometric measure would look like. Citations are clearly only of interest as an observable indicator for a latent, but more important, concept of “scholarly

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phenomenon called author self-citation. An author makes self-citation (or self-reference) when he uses one of his previously published works as a reference in a new article. In multi-authored articles, a self-citation occurs whenever the set of co

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Abstract  

This paper reviews a variety of perspectives on citation. It argues that citations have multiple articulations in that they inform our understanding of the socio-cultural, cognitive, and textual aspects of scientific communication. Two metatheoretical frameworks are proposed as a means of negotiating the interpretative differences which characterize the various discourse communities concerned with citation theory and practice.

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