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Abstract  

The combustion behavior of Shuangya Mountain (SYM) coal dust has been investigated by means of TG in this paper. The reaction fraction can be obtained from isothermal TG data. The regressions of g(), an integral function of vs. t for different reaction mechanisms were performed. The mechanism of nucleation and nuclei growth is determined as the controlling step of the coal dust combustion reaction by the correlation coefficient of the regression, and the kinetic equation of the SYM coal dust combustion reaction has been established.

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Abstract  

Cobalt ferrite was synthesised by the thermal decomposition of a citrate precursor through a novel self-propagating combustion reaction (SPCR) and the progress of this reaction is explained. Cobalt ferrite obtained by this reaction is compared with the products obtained by heat treatment of the citrate complex. The thermal behaviour and structures of the precursor, the synthesised ferrite, and the other decomposition products are investigated.

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and k 2 is directly proportional to the rate constant of the slow combustion reaction of 5-CQA, as determined by Eq. 14 . This ratio reveals that the activation energy of the investigated reaction of oxidation is close to 77046 J mol −1 . At this

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Abstract  

The standard molar enthalpy of combustion of cholesterol was measured at constant volume. According to value of Δr U m θ(−14358.4±20.65 kJ mol−1), Δr H m θ(−14385.7 kJ mol−1) of combustion reaction and Δf H m θ(2812.9 kJ mol−1) of cholesterol were obtained from the reaction equation. The enthalpy of combustion reaction of cholesterol was also estimated by the average bond enthalpies. By design of a thermo-chemical recycle, the enthalpy of combustion of cholesterol were calculated between 283.15∼373.15 K. Besides, molar enthalpy and entropy of fusion of cholesterol was obtained by DSC technique.

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Abstract  

The focus of this work is the use of thermal analyses and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) for characterization of the gel decomposition, resulting from the formation of Y-barium hexaferrite substituted by Zn ions (Zn-Y-barium hexaferrite). Samples with Ba2Zn2Fe12O22 composition were synthesized by the citrate auto-combustion method. During the TG experiments the highest mass loss was attributed to citrate decomposition owing to the self-combustion reaction, confirmed by the disappearance of –OH band, and the drastic decrease of –CO2 and –NO3 bands. Zn substitution resulted in an X-band microwave absorber material.

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Abstract  

Precursor powders for yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) were synthesized by solution combustion reactions (nitrate–glycine reaction with stoichiometric and sub-stoichiometric amount of fuel) and simple decomposition of nitrate solution. The TG-DTA, FTIR and XRD analyses of the precursors and the typical heat-treated samples were carried out to understand the processes occurring at various stages during heating to obtain phase pure YAG. Precursors from all the reactions exhibited dehydration of adsorbed moisture in the temperature range of 30 to 300°C. The precursor from nitrate–glycine reaction with stoichiometric amount of fuel (precursor- A) contained entrapped oxides of carbon (CO and CO2) and a carbonaceous contaminant. It exhibited burning away of the carbonaceous contaminant and crystallization to pure YAG accompanied by loss of oxides of carbon in the temperature ranges of 400 to 600 and 880 to 1050°C. The precursor from simple decomposition of nitrates (precursor-B) exhibited denitration cum dehydroxylation and crystallization in the temperature ranges of 300 to 600 and 850 to 1050°C. The precursor from nitrate–glycine reaction with sub-stoichiometric amount of fuel (precursor-C) contained entrapped carbon dioxide and exhibited its release during crystallization in the temperature range of 850 to 1050°C. This study established that, in case of metal nitrate–glycine combustion reactions, crystalline YAG formation occurs from an amorphous compound with entrapped oxides of carbon. In case of simple decomposition of metal nitrates, formation of crystalline YAG occurs from an amorphous oxide intermediate.

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Abstract  

In this study, four oil-shale samples (Niğde-Ulukışla) excavated from Central Anatolia Turkey were analyzed where this region is believed to have a high potential of oil in its shale rich outcrops. The samples (∼40 g) were combusted at 50 psi gas injection pressure, at an air injection rate of 1.5 L min−1 in a combustion-reaction cell. All the experiments were conducted up to 600°C. The percentages of oxygen consumption and carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide production were obtained instantaneously with respect to time. The combustion periods and relative reaction rates were determined by examining the effluent gas concentration peaks. Activation energies of the samples were determined using Weijdema’s approach. It was observed that the activation energies of the samples are varied between 22–103 kJ mol−1.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: B. Zapata, J. Balmaseda, E. Fregoso-Israel, and E. Torres-García

Abstract  

Thermal degradation of orange peel was studied in dynamic air atmosphere by means of simultaneous TG-DSC and TG-FTIR analysis. According to the obtained thermal profiles, the orange peel degradation occurred in at least three steps associated with its three main components (hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin). The volatiles compounds evolved out at 150–400 °C and the gas products were mainly CO2, CO, and CH4. A mixture of acids, aldehydes or ketones C=O, alkanes C–C, ethers C–O–C and H2O was also detected. The E α on α dependence reveled the existence of different and simultaneous processes suggesting that the combustion reaction is controlled by oxygen accessibility, motivated by the high evolution low-molecular-mass gases and volatile organic compounds. These results could explain the non-autocatalytic character of the reactions during the decomposition process.

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Abstract  

The reactivity of LiNO3 and Al(NO3)3 with respect to urea and β-alanine was investigated. Experimental results proved that β-alanine is a more suitable fuel for LiNO3, whereas urea seems to be more adequate for Al(NO3)3. Based on the different metal nitrate/fuel mixture reactivity, nanocrystalline γ-LiAlO2 powders were prepared by solution combustion synthesis using a fuel mixture of urea and β-alanine. This fuel mixture yielded single-phase nanocrystalline γ-LiAlO2 (32.6 nm) directly from the combustion reaction. The resulted powder had a specific surface area of 3.2 m2/g and no supplementary annealing was required. On the other hand, pure γ-LiAlO2 could not be obtained by using a single fuel (urea, β-alanine) unless annealing at 900 °C for 1 h was performed.

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Abstract  

In this research, the relationship between particle size and combustion kinetics and combustion properties of lignite samples was examined by utilizing the thermogravimetric (TG/DTG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) techniques. The lignite samples separated into different size fractions were subjected to non-isothermal thermogravimetric analysis between ambient and 900�C in the presence of 50 mL min−1 air flow rate. Activation energy (E) and Arrhenius constant (A r) of combustion reaction of each size was evaluated by applying Arrhenius kinetic model to the resulting data. Combustion properties of the samples were interpreted by careful examination of the curves. The apparent activation energies in major combustion region were calculated as 41.03 and 53.11 kJ mol−1 for the largest size (−2360+2000 μm) and the finest size (−38 μm), respectively.

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